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Table 1 Use of acupuncture, chiropractic and osteopathy by participants in various socio-demographic categories

From: Acupuncture, chiropractic and osteopathy use in Australia: a national population survey

  Percentage (95% confidence interval)
Characteristic Acupuncture Chiropractic Osteopathy
Gender    
Female 9.6 (7.1 – 12.1) 17.1 (13.9 – 20.3) 5.8 (3.8 – 7.8)
Male 8.9 (6.4 – 11.3) 15.0 (12.0 – 18.1) 3.3 (1.8 – 4.8)
Age (year)    
18–34 7.6 (4.8 – 10.5) 15.0 (11.2 – 18.9) 3.1 (1.3 – 5.0)
35–64 10.3 (7.7 – 12.8) 16.7 (13.6 – 19.9) 5.0 (3.2 – 6.8)
65+ 9.2 (5.1 – 13.4) 15.7 (10.5 – 21.0) 5.9 (2.5 – 9.3)
Country of birth    
Australia 10.2 (8.1 – 12.3) 18.1 (15.5 – 20.8) 4.8 (3.4 – 6.3)
Overseas 6.5 (3.4 – 9.5) 9.8 (6.1 – 13.5) 3.8 (1.4 – 6.1)
Self-reported health status    
Excellent/very good/good 8.6 (6.8 – 10.5) 15.2 (12.8 – 17.5) 4.5 (3.2 – 5.9)
Fair/poor 12.1 (7.1 – 17.2) 20.6 (14.4 – 26.9) 4.8 (1.5 – 8.1)
Post-secondary education    
No 6.4 (4.2 – 8.7) 15.4 (12.1 – 18.8) 3.6 (1.9 – 5.3)
Yes 11.3 (8.8 – 13.8) 16.7 (13.8 – 19.7) 5.3 (3.6 – 7.1)
Employment    
Employed 9.8 (7.6 – 12.0) 16.8 (14.0 – 19.6) 4.5 (2.9 – 6.0)
Unemployed/not in work force 7.8 (5.0 – 10.5) 14.5 (10.9 – 18.1) 4.7 (2.5 – 6.9)
Private health insurance    
Yes 10.8 (8.3 – 13.3) 19.0 (15.8 – 22.1) 5.6 (3.7 – 7.4)
No 7.4 (5.0 – 9.8) 12.4 (9.4 – 15.4) 3.3 (1.7 – 5.0)
Annual household income    
<A$20,000 8.1 (3.8 – 12.3) 7.3 (3.3 – 11.4) 6.7 (2.8 – 10.6)
A$20,000 – A$40,000 7.0 (3.5 – 10.5) 19.0 (13.6 – 24.4) 1.3 (-0.3 – 2.9)
>A$40,000 10.1 (7.6 – 12.6) 18.4 (15.2 – 21.6) 5.5 (3.7 – 7.4)
Australian state of residence    
New South Wales 9.9 (6.8 – 12.9) 17.0 (13.1 – 20.9) 6.0 (3.5 – 8.4)
Victoria 10.9 (7.2 – 14.6) 17.4 (12.8 – 21.9) 5.2 (2.6 – 7.9)
Queensland 11.6 (7.3 – 16) 14.9 (10.0 – 19.7) 3.8 (1.2 – 6.5)
South Australia 6.9 (1.4 – 12.3) 17.0 (8.9 – 25.1) 1.2 (-1.1 – 3.5)
Western Australia 2.7 (-0.4 – 5.8) 14.4 (7.7 – 21.1) 2.2 (-0.6 – 5.0)