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Table 5 Contextual effect of village characteristics on the CVD risk factors after adjustment for individual characteristics

From: Contextual socioeconomic determinants of cardiovascular risk factors in rural south-west China: a multilevel analysis

Predictors Systolic pressure (mmHg) Diastolic pressure (mmHg) Fasting blood sugar (mmol/l) BMI Waist-hip ratio Current smokers Current Drinkers††
  Standardized Beta††† (SE) Standardized Beta (SE) Standardized Beta (SE) Standardized Beta (SE) Standardized Beta (SE) Standardized Beta (SE) Standardized Beta (SE)
Contextual variables:
Population size (X1000) 0.08* (0.04) 0.02 (0.07) -0.08 (0.07) 0.09 (0.05) 0.10* (0.05) 0.08 (0.28) 0.14 (0.10)
Adult literacy rate (%) 0.006 (0.04) 0.01 (0.05) 0.11 (0.06) 0.02 (0.04) -0.12**(0.04) -0.57* (0.24) -0.03 (0.09)
Proportion of Yi ethnic minority (%) -0.09 (0.05) -0.12 (0.08) 0.08 (0.08) -0.03 (0.06) -0.09 (0.05) 0.50 (0.33) 0.43*** (0.12)
Income (× 1000 Yuan) -0.09* (0.04) -0.07 (0.07) 0.34*** (0.07) -0.09* (0.04) 0.02 (0.04) 0.57 (0.29) 0.11 (0.10)
Distance from city (km) 0.11*(0.04) 0.04 (0.07) 0.16* (0.07) 0.03 (0.05) -0.02 (0.04) 0.75** (0.30) 0.08 (0.11)
Individual variables:
Age 0.11*** (0.01) 0.06** (0.01) 0.07* (0.03) -0.09**(0.01) 0.02* (0.01) -0.12** (0.04) -0.17***(0.03)
Sex (reference: male) -0.20*** (0.03) -0.19** (0.03) -0.02 (0.08) -0.28**(0.03) -1.24** (0.02) -4.91***(0.23) -3.86***(0.14)
Educational level (reference: illiterate) -0.02 (0.02) -0.02 (0.02) 0.09 (0.06) -0.003 (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.06 (0.07) 0.04 (0.05)
Ethnic (reference: Han) 0.11** (0.03) 0.01 (0.04) 0.21 (0.11) -0.13** (0.04) 0.04 (0.03) 0.04 (0.14) 0.29** (0.11)
Income (× 1000 Yuan) -0.01** (0.002) -0.007** (0.002) 0.001 (0.001) -0.01**(0.002) 0.002 (0.002) 0.007 (0.007) 0.01 (0.008)
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001, † reference: non-current smokers, † † reference: non-current drinkers, † † † regression coefficient. ‡ standard error.