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Table 3 Prison inmates', prison employees' and college students' answers on questions aimed at gauging assumptions and opinions regarding prisoners, crime and punishment.

From: Attitudes towards prisoners, as reported by prison inmates, prison employees and college students

  PRISON INMATES N = 305 PRISON EMPLOYEES N = 390 COLLEGE STUDENTS N = 184
QUESTION Mean (SD) Median Correlation with ATP Mean (SD) Median Correlation with ATP Mean (SD) Median Correlation with ATP
The percentage of all crimes that are detected and punished 41 (24.3) 40 -.03 42 (23.4) 40 .00 43 (20.6) 50 .15
The percentage of all men that have ever been to prison 262 (23.4) 20 -.221 72 (9.8) 5 -.09 112 (11.2) 7 -.02
The percentage of all women that have ever been to prison 132 (17.1) 6 -.201 32 (6.4) 1 -.07 62 (7.1) 3 -.01
The percentage of prisoners having drug problems or alcohol problems 632 (25.3) 70 -.08 682 (16.9) 70 -.171 562 (20.9) 60 .00
The percentage of prisoners having mental problems 47 (26.8) 50 -.04 49 (22.3) 50 -.01 542 (23.6) 50 .00
The percentage of prisoners that are serving time for a violent crime 30 (18.7) 27 -.161 28 (14.9) 25 -.181 342 (16.7) 30 .04
The percentage of all prisoners that are serving time for a sex offence 16 (15.8) 10 -.201 92 (7.3) 6 -.201 16 (12.0) 10 -.09
How many of those serving their first sentence will be back in prison sooner or later 58 (27.9) 60 -.13 60 (19.9) 65 -.141 55 (20.6) 60 -.10
  1. Significant group differences and correlations with ATP are marked.
  2. 1 Correlation is significant at the .01 level (2-tailed)
  3. 2 One-way ANOVA with Scheffe's post-hoc test: the group is significantly different from the other groups at the .05 level