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Table 8 Parameter estimates (SE) for cross-level interactions for the Incapacity benefit/Severe Disablement Allowance/Attendance Allowance

From: Measuring the neighbourhood using UK benefits data: a multilevel analysis of mental health status

   IB/SDA DLA/AA
Variable Category Parameter estimatea (SE) 95% CI Parameter estimatea (SE) 95% CI
Age groupb (17–24 reference) Main effect of contextual variable -0.523
0.349
-1.215,
0.158
-0.722
0.362
-1.427,
0.000
  25–34 -0.677
0.436
-1.515,
0.177
-0.396
0.464
-1.307,
0.528
  35–44 -0.981
0.429
-1.806,
-0.142
-0.718
0.448
-1.604,
0.153
  45–54 -0.992
0.420
-1.825,
-0.169
-0.590
0.433
-1.418,
0.271
  55–64 -2.010
0.432
-2.828,
-1.141
-1.931
0.454
-2.848,
-1.035
  65–74 -1.789
0.444
-2.669,
-0.927
-1.843
0.466
-2.767,
-0.946
Gender (male reference) Main effect of contextual variable -1.468
0.188
-1.842,
-1.109
-1.453
0.196
-1.842,
-1.079
  Female -0.325
0.224
-0.768,
0.111
-0.363
0.233
-0.823,
0.089
Social class (I&II reference) Main effect of contextual variable -1.460
0.256
-1.961,
-0.948
-1.303
0.264
-1.815,
-0.776
  III non-manual -0.071
0.338
-0.740,
0.592
-0.230
0.351
-0.927,
0.457
  III manual 0.097
0.362
-0.605,
0.796
-0.080
0.377
-0.814,
0.651
  IV -0.396
0.356
-1.086,
0.289
-0.678
0.369
-1.391,
0.032
  V 0.108
0.583
-1.045,
1.232
-0.239
0.605
-1.430,
0.929
  Other/missing -1.017
0.403
-1.810,
-0.226
-1.217
0.419
-2.045,
-0.395
Employment Status (employed reference) Main effect of contextual variable -0.742
0.181
-1.107,
-0.390
-0.684
0.189
-1.604,
0.313
  Economically active -0.342
0.700
-1.723,
1.040
-0.509
0.752
-1.994,
0.975
  Economically inactive -2.042
0.231
-2.485,
-1.599
-2.183
0.240
-2.644,
-1.721
  Missing -2.079
1.741
-5.503,
1.232
-2.587
1.909
-6.343,
1.049
  1. a Adjusted for age, age squared, gender, social class, marital status, carer status, employment status, and housing tenure.
  2. b Only the agegroup model has agegroup main effects, all others model age and age squared
  3. IS: Income Support
  4. IBJSA: Income-based Job Seekers Allowance
  5. IB/SDA: Incapacity Benefit, Severe Disablement Allowance
  6. DLA/AA: Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance