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Table 6 Parameter estimates (SE) for the contextual variables modelled as categorical variables

From: Measuring the neighbourhood using UK benefits data: a multilevel analysis of mental health status

Variable Parameter estimatea SE 95% CI
Townsend score    
Least deprived (reference)    
2 -0.782 0.373 -1.512, -0.054
3 -1.420 0.370 -2.146, -0.681
Most deprived -2.320 0.367 -3.035, -1.585
IS    
Lowest claimants (reference)    
2 -0.413 0.363 -1.114, 0.293
3 -1.558 0.368 -2.288, -0.835
Highest claimants -2.859 0.368 -3.570, -2.130
IBJSA    
Lowest claimants (reference)    
2 -1.442 0.366 -2.154, -0.728
3 -1.518 0.373 -2.275, -0.778
Highest claimants -2.749 0.383 -3.494, -1.959
IB/SDA    
Lowest claimants (reference)    
2 -0.943 0.376 -1.672, -0.200
3 -1.921 0.378 -2.651, -1.169
Highest claimants -3.749 0.417 -4.555, -2.913
DLA/AA    
Lowest claimants (reference)    
2 -0.564 0.378 -1.297, -1.182
3 -1.928 0.384 -2.673, -1.162
Highest claimants -3.858 0.433 -4.699, -2.998
  1. a Adjusted for age, age squared, gender, social class, marital status, carer status, employment status, and housing tenure.
  2. IS: Income Support
  3. IBJSA: Income-based Job Seekers Allowance
  4. IB/SDA: Incapacity Benefit, Severe Disablement Allowance
  5. DLA/AA: Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance