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Table 4 Variance components for three-level multilevel mental health models

From: Measuring the neighbourhood using UK benefits data: a multilevel analysis of mental health status

Model Level 1: Individual Level 2: Ward Level 3: Unitary authority
  Variance (SE) 2.5th- 97.5th credible estimates Variance (SE) 2.5th- 97.5th credible estimates Variance (SE) 2.5th- 97.5th credible estimates
Null model 352.1 (3.21) 345.9, 358.5 4.59 (0.86) 3.05, 6.31 6.24 (2.33) 3.09, 12.08
% of total random variance 97.0 95.4, 98.0 1.27 0.84, 1.74 1.72 0.86, 3.27
Model A (Null + individual variables a ) 335.7 (3.05) 329.8, 341.8 1.72 (0.61) 0.60, 2.98 5.22 (1.96) 2.58, 10.27
% of total random variance 98.0 96.6, 98.8 0.50 0.17, 0.87 1.52 0.76, 2.95
Model B (model A + contextual variables)       
Townsend score 324.8 (2.95) 319.1, 330.7 0.52 (0.31) 0.14, 1.33 3.14 (1.20) 1.51, 6.12
% of total random variance 98.9 98.1, 99.5 0.02 0.00, 0.17 0.94 0.45, 1.84
Income support 324.8 (2.94) 319.1, 330.7 0.27 (0.25) 0.04, 0.98 2.69 (1.04) 1.27, 5.29
% of total random variance 99.2 98.4, 99.6 0.01 0.00, 0.12 0.80 0.38, 1.60
IBJSA 324.8 (2.95) 319.1, 330.7 0.58 (0.34) 0.17, 1.42 4.57 (1.69) 2.28, 8.78
% of total random variance 98.6 97.3, 99.3 0.02 0.00, 0.20 1.37 0.69, 2.61
IB/SDA 324.6 (2.94) 318.9, 330.5 0.27 (0.25) 0.04, 0.97 1.45 (0.61) 0.61, 2.92
% of total random variance 99.6 99.1, 99.8 0.01 0.00, 0.12 0.44 0.00, 0.91
DLA/AA 324.7 (2.94) 319.0, 330.6 0.34 (0.27) 0.07, 1.07 1.26 (0.55) 0.51, 2.61
% of total random variance 99.6 99.2, 99.8 0.04 0.00, 0.20 0.38 0.15, 0.80
  1. a The individual-level variables were age, age squared, gender, social class, marital status, carer status, employment status, and housing tenure.
  2. IS: Income Support
  3. IBJSA: Income-based Job Seekers Allowance
  4. IB/SDA: Incapacity Benefit, Severe Disablement Allowance
  5. DLA/AA: Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance