Skip to main content

Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression analyses of determinants of referral.

From: Inequity in the provision of and access to palliative care for cancer patients. Results from the Italian survey of the dying of cancer (ISDOC)

  Referred for domiciliary PCTs Referred for specialist in pain in hospital
  OR (95% CI) 1 OR (95% CI) 1
The patient     
Age at death (years)     
   18–54 ref.   ref.  
   55–64 1.04 (0.40 – 2.68) 0.67 (0.27 – 1.63)
   65–74 0.98 (0.38 – 2.54) 0.34 (0.14 – 0.83)
   75–84 0.98 (0.37 – 2.59) 0.32 (0.13 – 0.74)
   85 + 0.43 (0.16 – 1.14) 0.15 (0.06 – 0.41)
  (P = 0.10) (P < 0.01)
Place of residence     
   North West ref.   ref.  
   North East 1.08 (0.27 – 4.30) 0.39 (0.20 – 0.75)
   Center 0.80 (0.16 – 3.90) 0.75 (0.35 – 1.61)
   South and islands 0.13 (0.02 – 0.69) 0.54 (0.20 – 1.44)
  (P = 0.09) (P = 0.04)
Months since diagnosis     
   1–3 ref.   ref.  
   4–6 0.60 (0.20 – 1.81) 1.42 (0.68 – 3.00)
   7–12 1.06 (0.40 – 2.78) 0.92 (0.40 – 2.10)
   13–36 1.44 (0.63 – 3.29) 1.07 (0.52 – 2.19)
   > 36 1.75 (0.86 – 3.57) 1.47 (0.76 – 2.83)
  (P = 0.01) (P = 0.44)
The caregiver     
Relationship     
   Spouse ref.   ref.  
   Child 0.72 (0.51 – 1.01) 0.85 (0.45 – 1.61)
   Others 0.49 (0.28 – 0.85) 1.20 (0.52 – 2.80)
  (P = 0.03) (P = 0.47)
Gender     
   Males ref.   ref.  
   Females 1.40 (0.93 – 2.11) 0.88 (0.54 – 1.44)
  (P = 0.06) (P = 0.64)
Education (years)     
   ≤ 5 ref.   ref.  
   6–9 1.44 (0.82 – 2.51) 1.31 (0.63 – 2.74)
   10+ 2.00 (1.20 – 3.35) 2.36 (1.25 – 4.46)
  (P = 0.01) (P = 0.01)
  1. 1 OR (95% CI) estimated by multivariate logistic regression with all patient's and caregiver's covariates included in the model. Only covariates with a P-value < 0.10 for at least one of the two models are reported.