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Table 2 Distribution of smoking and alcohol consumption in the 3 Italian areas

From: Analysis of health care and actual needs of patients with psoriasis: a survey on the Italian population

Age-group (years) 20–39 40–59 > = 60
Italy North No. % Centre No. % South No. % p North No. % Centre No. % Suth No. % p North No. % Centre No. % South No. % p
Cigarettes per day (total no. of cases: 759)
< 5 14 14.1 5 4.6 16 23.5 0.0005 6 6.1 18 15.4 12 9.2 0.11 6 11.8 3 13.6 9 15.0 0.90
5–15 61 61.6 58 53.7 24 35.3   43 43.9 42 35.9 55 42.0   21 41.2 11 50.0 23 38.3  
16–20 10 10.1 23 21.3 11 16.2   31 31.6 33 28.2 28 21.4   10 19.6 4 18.2 9 15.0  
> 20 14 14.2 22 20.4 17 25.0   18 31.4 24 20.5 36 27.4   14 27.4 4 18.2 19 31.7  
Wine consumption (total no. of cases :857)
1–2 glasses/day 56 82.3 56 80.0 36 83.7 0.87 99 72.3 104 68.9 98 76.0 0.42 70 66.0 57 83.8 69 81.2 0.001
> 2 glasses/day 12 17.7 14 20.0 7 16.3   38 27.7 47 31.1 31 24.0   36 34.0 11 16.2 16 18.8  
Beer consumption (total no. of cases: 233)
1–2 glasses/day 36 87.8 33 91.7 16 84.2 - 28 90.3 20 83.3 34 82.9 - 11 91.7 5 100.0 20 83.3 -
> 2 glasses/day 5 12.2 3 8.3 3 15.8   3 9.7 4 16.7 7 17.1   1 8.3 0 0.0 4 16.7  
Spirits (total no. of cases: 178)
1 drink/day 12 70.6 13 81.2 4 30.8 0.01 16 72.7 17 51.5 23 67.6 0.21 17 85.0 4 80.0 9 50.0 -
> 1 drink/day 5 29.4 3 18.8 9 69.2   6 27.3 16 48.5 11 32.4   3 15.0 1 20.0 9 50.0  
  1. P values were calculated for the items whose expected values were more than 5 for 80% of cells and none expected value less than 1.