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Table 3 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of self-reported reduced working capacity due to longstanding illness in Model I (age- and sex-adjusted) and Model II (main effect model also adjusted for all other explanatory variables) among people with paid employment.

From: Sickness absence poses a threat to the Swedish Welfare State: a cross-sectional study of sickness absence and self-reported illness

Explanatory variables Categories and levels Model I Model II
   OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Sickness Absence (days) 0–28 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
  29–90 3.54 (3.09–4.06) 3.20 (2.79–3.68)
  >90 19.0 (16.7–21.6) 17.7 (15.5–20.2)
Sex Male   1.16 (1.06–1.27)
  Female   1 (Reference)
De facto marital Status Living alone   1.15 (1.04–1.27)
  Married/cohabiting   1 (Reference)
Occupational status Unskilled manual workers   1.61 (1.43–1.81)
  Skilled manual workers   1.56 (1.38–1.77)
  Lower-level employees   1.51 (1.33–1.71)
  Middle-level employees and professionals   1 (Reference)
Employment Part-time   1.79 (1.62–1.98)
  Full-time   1 (Reference)
Housing Tenure Renting   1.10 (1.00–1.21)
  Owning   1 (Reference)
Quality of physical working environment Poor   1.36 (1.23–1.51)
  Good   1 (Reference)
Presence of stress at work Yes   1.34 (1.23–1.46)
  No   1 (Reference)
Work-related social support Poor   1.17 (1.01–1.36)
  Good   1 (Reference)
Model fit Hosmer-Lemeshow p-value 0.98 0.91