Skip to main content

Table 1 Estimates and plausible ranges of pesticide suicides in each of WHO's six regions

From: The global distribution of fatal pesticide self-poisoning: Systematic review

Region Stratum Population (millions) (source: [1]) Total suicides (source: [1]) Pesticide suicides (% of all suicides) Plausible range of pesticide suicides Sources
Africa D 311 15,000 4,950 (33%) 3,300 to 6, 900 [22]
  E 361 19,000 2,850 (15%) 1,900 to 15,010 [23] [24] [25]
   Sub-total (Africa)       34,000    7,800 (22.9%)    5,200 to 21,910  
The Americas A 336 35,000 25 (0.07%) 14 to 35 [26]
  B 445 26,000 2,860 (11%) 1,820 to 8,060 [27] [33] [36]
  D 74 2,000 220 (11%) 140 to 620 [27] [33] [36]
   Sub-total (the Americas)       63,000    3,105 (4.9%)    1,974 to 8,715  
Eastern Mediterranean B 143 9,000 629 (7%) 501 to 772 [38]
  D 360 25,000 5,000 (20%) 4,000 to 6,250 [41]
   Sub-total (E. Med.)       34,000    5,629 (16.5%)    4,501 to 7,022  
Europe A 415 48,000 2,400 (5%) 14 to 4,800 [46] [47] [48] [50]
  B 223 23,000 920 (4%) 18 to 1,610 [52] [53] [54] [55] [56]
  C 240 92,000 2,760 (3%) 1,840 to 2,760 [57]
   Sub-total (Europe)       163,000    6,080 (3.7%)    1,872 to 9,170  
South East Asia B 298 37,000 9,250 (25%) 5,920 to 19,980 [62] [63]
  D 1,293 209,000 41,800 (20%) 41,800 to 62,700 Table 2 and [58]
   Sub-total (SE Asia)       246,000    51,050 (20.7%) 47,720 to 82,680  
Western Pacific A 155 35,000 1,050 (3%) 1,050 to 1,050 [68]
  B 1,562 296,000 183,520 (62%) 171,680 to 195,360 [70]
   Sub-total (W Pacific)       331,000 184,570 (55.8%) 172,730 to 196,410  
Overall Total   6,225 873,000 258,234 (30%) 233,997 (27%) to 325,907 (37%)  
Total including more realistic estimate for total and pesticide suicides in SE Asia – D (n = 504,800)*    1,181,200 371,594 (31%) 347,357 (29%) to 439,267 (37%)  
  1. *Assuming 30% of these are due to pesticides.
  2. Plausible range based on 95% confidence intervals around the proportion of suicides due to pesticides in the country whose data were used for estimate in this stratum