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Table 4 Statistically significant correlations between characteristics and intestinal parasites

From: Health inequities: lower socio-economic conditions and higher incidences of intestinal parasites

Characteristics Overall parasites
  Positive n (%) Negative n (%) p value
Socio-demographic characteristics
Residence    
Shanty area (n = 79) 32 (40.5) 47 (59.5) 0.03
City (n = 208) 57 (24.4) 151 (72.6)  
Education of mother    
Uneducated/primary school Incomplete (n = 63) 29 (46.0) 34 (54.0) <0.001
Primary school (n = 94) 36 (38.3) 58 (61.7)  
High school and more (n = 127) 25 (19.7) 102 (80.3)  
Father's social statusa    
High (n = 136) 27 (19.9) 109 (80.1) <0.001
Low (n = 119) 54 (45.4) 65 (54.6)  
Mother's employment    
Employed (n = 214) 79 (36.9) 135 (63.1) <0.001
Unemployed (n = 79) 12 (15.2) 67 (84.8)  
Age    
9 (n = 100) 30 (30.0) 70 (70.0) 0.04
10 (n = 120) 30 (25.0) 90 (75.0)  
11–12 (n = 74) 31 (41.9) 43 (58.1)  
Housing conditions
Each student has his/her own bedroom    
Yes (n = 130) 25 (19.2) 105 (80.8) <0.001
No (n = 161) 66 (41.0) 95 (59.0)  
Number of person living in house    
≤4 (n = 47) 8 (17.0) 39 (83.0) 0.02
>4 (n = 247) 83 (33.6) 164 (66.4)  
Number of brother/sister    
≤2 (n = 178) 38 (21.3) 140 (78.7) <0.001
>2 (n = 116) 53 (45.7) 63 (54.3)  
Drinking water    
Treated (n = 88) 14 (15.9) 74 (84.1) <0.001
Untreated (n = 200) 76 (38.0) 124 (62.0)  
Washbasin in toilet    
Yes (n = 215) 53 (24.7) 162 (75.3) <0.001
No (n = 75) 37 (49.3) 38 (50.7)  
Hygienic habits
Washing hands (n = 293)    
Only water 52 (37.4) 87 (62.6) 0.01
With soap and water 38 (24.7) 116 (75.3)  
  1. aThe indicators of father's social status: Low social level: unemployment, working at unqualified jobs, working at temporary jobs. High social level: employee, employer, employee based on high wage, craftsman