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Table 5 Respondents with clinical measurements associated with vascular risk

From: A cross-sectional study of vascular risk factors in a rural South African population: data from the Southern African Stroke Prevention Initiative (SASPI)

Blood pressure levels and anti-hypertensive treatment Percentage (95% CI)
Normal blood pressure, no treatment 57.1% (51.8, 62.3)
High blood pressure, no pharmacological treatment 32.6% (27.8, 37.7)
JNC7 Stage 1 high blood pressure, no pharmacological treatment 17.6% (13.8, 21.9)
JNC7 Stage 2 high blood pressure, no pharmacological treatment 15.0% (11.5, 19.2)
On pharmacological treatment for high blood pressure 10.3% (7.3, 13.9)
Normal blood pressure on pharmacological treatment 5.29% (3.21, 8.14)
JNC7 Stage 1 high blood pressure, on pharmacological treatment 2.79% (1.34, 5.06)
JNC7 Stage 2 high blood pressure, on pharmacological treatment 2.23% (0.967, 4.34)
Lipid profile i  
Total cholesterol > 5.0 mmol/l 25.6 (20.4, 31.2)
HDL cholesterol < 1.2 mmol/l 22.2 (17.3, 27.7)
HDL:total cholesterol ≥ 20%ii 93.5 (89.9, 96.2)
  1. i no-one was using treatment to lower cholesterol levels.
  2. ii excluding 3 men with an HDL cholesterol at or above 3 mmol/l