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Table 3 Distribution of demographic and lifestyle factors by gender

From: A cross-sectional study of vascular risk factors in a rural South African population: data from the Southern African Stroke Prevention Initiative (SASPI)

Variables Male N = 95 Female N = 307 Total N = 402 Significance of difference (male v female)
  23.6 (19.6, 28.1) 76.4 (71.9,80.4) 100  
Age group     
35–44 years 16.8 (9.94, 25.9) 32.6 (27.4, 38.1) 28.9 (24.5, 33.6)  
45–54 years 29.5 (20.6, 39.7) 27.4 (22.5, 32.7) 27.9 (23.5, 32.5)  
55 -64 years 23.2 (15.1, 32.9) 16.3 (12.3, 20.9) 17.9 (14.3, 22.0) d.f.= 4
65–74 years 11.6 (5.92, 19.8) 14.0 (10.3, 18.4) 13.4 (10.3, 17.2) p = 0.007
75 plus years 18.9 (11.6, 28.3) 9.45 (6.42, 13.3) 11.7 (8.72, 15.2)  
Household asset score     
Low 14.7 (8.29, 23.5) 12.9 (9.34, 17.2) 13.4 (10.2, 17.1)  
Medium -low 21.1 (13.6, 30.6) 13.6 (9.92, 18.0) 15.4 (12.0, 19.3)  
Medium 25.3 (16.9, 35.2) 32.1 (26.9, 37.7) 30.5 (26.0, 35.3) d.f. = 4
Medium-high 22.1 (14.2, 31.7) 23.2 (18.5, 28.4) 22.9 (18.9, 27.4) p = 0.401
High 16.8 (9.94, 25.9) 18.2 (14.0, 23.0) 17.9 (14.2, 22.0)  
Currently smoking at least daily 28.4 (19.6, 38.6) 10.7 (7.50, 14.8) 14.9 (11.6, 18.8) d.f. = 1 p < 0.001
Has never drunk alcohol 28.3 (19.4, 38.6) 74.9 (69.6, 79.7) 63.9 (59.0, 68.7)  
Has drunk alcohol but not as much as once a week in the last 12 months 14.1 (7.74, 23.0) 11.7 (8.29, 15.9) 12.3 (9.19, 15.9) d.f. = 2
Drinks alcohol at least once a week in the last 12 months 57.6 (46.9, 67.9) 13.4 (9.73, 17.8) 23.8 (19.6, 28.3) p < 0.001
Physical activity     
Moderately active 68.4 (58.1, 77.6) 74.9 (69.7, 79.7) 73.4 (68.8, 77.6)  
Low active 20.0 (12.5, 29.5) 18.2 (14.1, 23.0) 18.7 (15.0, 22.8) d.f. = 2
Sedentary 11.6 (5.92, 19.8) 6.84 (4.28, 10.3) 8.0 (5.5, 11.1) p = 0.275
  1. Numbers shown are percentages and 95% confidence intervals.
  2. *Only a small minority of smokers were able to estimate a daily number smoked