Count of self-reported self-care behaviors* across levels of educational attainment. Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. *Counts by level of education were based on least square means from hierarchical regression models accounting for clustering within health plans and adjusted for sex, age, race or ethnicity, preferred language, health plan location, diabetes treatment, and the presence of comorbidities. For non-insulin treated patients, there were 4 possible self-care behaviors: 1) not smoking; 2) regular exercise (≥ 10 minutes of walking daily and/or moderate leisure time physical activity on a regular basis); 3) daily foot exam; 4) health seeking behavior (use of diabetes website, support group, health education); and a fifth for insulin-treated patients only, 5) daily self-monitoring of blood glucose. In both cases, relationships were significant (p < 0.001).