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Table 2 Bivariate analysis on activities and GDS

From: Leisure and religious activity participation and mental health: gender analysis of older adults in Nepal

  Men (n = 247) Women (n = 242)
Activity variables n (%) GDS scale p 1 n (%) GDS scale p 1
Talk with neighbours    0.001    0.280
Never 13 (5.3) 14.38   18 (7.4) 14.56  
Sometimes 121 (49.0) 10.79   154 (63.6) 13.19  
Daily 113 (45.7) 7.96   70 (28.9) 11.81  
Visit friends    0.000    0.002
Never 11 (4.5) 19.82   29 (12.0) 17.76  
Sometimes 182 (73.7) 9.53   191 (78.9) 12.28  
Daily 54 (21.9) 8.15   22 (9.1) 11.82  
Socialize with others    0.000    0.000
Never 31 (12.6) 17.48   47 (19.4) 17.57  
Sometimes 196 (79.4) 8.58   188 (77.7) 11.87  
Daily 20 (8.1) 8.45   7 (2.9) 9.00  
Watch TV, Radio    0.000    0.000
Never 7 (2.8) 15.57   10 (4.1) 24.20  
Sometimes 67 (27.1) 13.75   89 (36.8) 15.46  
Daily 173 (70.0) 7.87   143 (59.1) 10.50  
Play cards    0.243    0.519
Never 163 (66.0) 10.21   229 (94.6) 13.03  
Sometimes 77 (31.2) 8.84   11 (4.5) 10.64  
Daily 7 (2.8) 6.71   2 (0.8) 9.00  
Do physical exercise    0.000    0.000
Never 124 (50.2) 12.74   166 (68.6) 14.55  
Sometimes 65 (26.3) 7.08   53 (21.9) 9.96  
Daily 58 (23.5) 6.07   23 (9.5) 7.70  
Say prayers    0.000    0.002
Never 5 (2.0) 18.00   5 (2.1) 23.20  
Sometimes 49 (19.8) 12.76   37 (15.3) 15.08  
Daily 193 (78.1) 8.69   200 (82.6) 12.23  
Religious activities    0.000    0.005
Never 7 (2.8) 20.57   14 (5.8) 18.71  
Sometimes 156 (63.2) 9.33   144 (59.5) 13.17  
Daily 84 (34.0) 9.43   84 (34.7) 11.44  
  1. GDS: Geriatric Depression Scale,(scores range from 0–30) ; p 1: F-test (ANOVA)
  2. Bold denote significant level at p < 0.05