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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample

From: Leisure and religious activity participation and mental health: gender analysis of older adults in Nepal

  Total (n = 489) Men (n = 247) Women (n = 242) p
  n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Age in years a (mean ± SD) 69.9 ± 8.1 70.5 ± 8.1 69.4 ± 8.3 0.153
Marital status b (married) 264 (54.0) 177 (71.9) 87 (36.0) 0.000
Financial satisfaction c     0.032
Dissatisfied 84 (17.2) 35 (14.2) 49 (20.2)  
Fair 241 (49.3) 120 (48.6) 121(50.0)  
Satisfied 164 (33.5) 92 (37.2) 72 (29.8)  
Possess inherited property b (yes) 396 (81.0) 216 (87.4) 180 (74.4) 0.000
Education c     0.000
Illiterate 277 (56.6) 79 (32.0) 198 (81.8)  
No schooling but literate 67 (13.7) 54 (21.9) 13 (5.4)  
High school 109 (22.3) 82 (33.2) 27 (11.2)  
College & above 36 (7.4) 32 (13.0) 4 (1.7)  
Perceived health c     0.198
Poor 248 (50.7) 120 (48.6) 128 (52.9)  
Fair 196 (40.1) 99 (40.1) 97 (40.1)  
Good 45 (9.2) 28 (11.3) 17 (7.0)  
Social support received a (mean ± SD) 4.1 ± 1.9 4.0 ± 1.9 4.2 ± 1.9 0.427
Social support provided a (mean ± SD) 3.0 ± 1.7 3.2 ± 1.7 2.8 ± 1.6 0.023
Mental health     
GDSa(mean ± SD) 11.3 ± 8.0 9.7 ± 7.5 12.9 ± 8.2 0.000
SWLSa(mean ± SD) 15.4 ± 3.6 15.6 ± 3.8 15.1 ± 3.5 0.121
  1. SD: Standard Deviation ; : t-test ; : Chi-square test ; : Mann-Whitney's U Test
  2. GDS : Geriatric Depression Scale (score ranges from 0 to 30)
  3. SWLS : Satisfaction With Life Scale (score ranges from 5 to 25)
  4. Score for social rupport received and provided ranges from 0 to 6.
  5. Bold denote significant level at p < 0.05