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Table 2 Odds ratios (OR) 1 and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of the bivariate association between self-reported work-related factors and sick-listing ≥ 90 days

From: Work and family: associations with long-term sick-listing in Swedish women – a case-control study

Variables On sick leave (N = 231) Not on sick leave (N = 194) Exposed cases (N) OR (95%CI)
Number of employers during working life 230 192 123 1.75 (1.22–2.63)
<3 employers     
≥3 employers     
Number of employers during working life 502 (30–42 yrs) 36 37 4.85 (1.91–12.10)
<3 employers     
≥3 employers     
Number of employers during working life 333 47 25 3.55 (1.43–9.31)
<3 employers     
≥3 employers     
Present employment status 221 174 19 0.62 (0.34–1.22)
Substitute     
Permanent     
Change of jobs/occupations during working life 1272 (43–55 yrs) 58 44 2.75 (1.13–7.10)
<3 employers     
≥3 employers     
Change of workplaces during working life 103 102 60 1.45 (0.82–2.64)
<3 times     
≥3 times     
Part-time work 227 191 123 1.51 (1.03–2.23)
≥4 years     
<4 years     
Part-time work 227 192 49 2.24(1.43–3.78)
≥13 years     
<13 year     
Hours worked per week 229 193 110 0.88 (0.63–1.36)
>40 hours     
≤40 hours     
Lack of influence on working hours 231 194 105 2.76 (1.81–4.23)
No     
Yes/yes, partly     
Physical workload above capacity 227 194 56 3.91 (2.26–7.04)
Yes     
No/occasionally     
Too high mental strain in work tasks 228 190 49 4.06 (2.22–7.61)
Yes     
No/occasionally     
Workplace dissatisfaction 231 194 47 3.87 (2.10–3.43)
Dissatisfied     
Satisfied     
Work task dissatisfaction 219 187 38 4.31 (2.14–11.42)
Dissatisfied     
Satisfied     
Lack of competence for work tasks 167 147 23 4.54 (2.1–8.8)
Lack of competence     
Competent for work tasks     
Lack of appreciation at work 231 194 23 2.53 (1.14–5.83)
No appreciation Appreciation     
Bullying at work 103 (30–42 yrs) 102 16 2.29 (0.91–5.74)
Yes/No     
Bullying at work 502 (30–42 yrs) 36 12 4.41 (1.04–19.34)
Yes/No     
Organisational changes at work 204 162 53 2.02 (1.24–3.37)
Too demanding     
Do not care     
Overall dissatisfaction with working life 231 193 33 2.51 (1.28–4.92)
Very dissatisfied/rather dissatisfied     
Very satisfied/rather satisfied     
  1. 1 Odds Ratios adjusted for age
  2. 2 Women employed in the childcare and healthcare sectors
  3. 3 Women in occupational skill level 3