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Table 1 Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and risk factors in the SHIELD screening and NHANES 1999–2002 studies by age and gender

From: Prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and associated risk factors in a national survey in the US population: SHIELD (Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management of risk factors Leading to Diabetes)

Condition Prevalence from:
  SHIELD self-report NHANES overall
  All Men Women All Men Women
Diabetes mellitus 8.2 8.5 7.9 9.0 10.2 7.8
   Age 18–44   3.0 2.9   4.4 3.2
   Age 45–64   12.9 11.3   15.8 9.6
   Age 65+   20.3 16.6   20.6 17.1
Dyslipidemia 25.8 26.9 24.8 52.9 60.2 45.8
   Total cholesterol 17.1 18.0 16.3 34.8 35.9 33.7
   LDL-C 9.5 10.4 8.7 13.7 15.2 12.3
   HDL-C 5.0 5.5 4.5 23.7 34.1 13.4
   Triglycerides 6.7 7.5 6.0 16.9 20.5 13.5
Abdominal obesity 31.5 27.9 34.8 51.4 50.8 51.9
BMI≥28 kg/m2 40.0 40.9 39.2 40.9 40.5 41.4
Hypertension 23.4 23.0 23.8 28.9 27.0 30.8
History of cardiovascular event 6.6 8.0 5.3 6.9 8.0 5.8
  1. LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, BMI = body mass index