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Table 4 Co-morbidity pattern of childhood and early adolescence mental disorders among the study sample

From: Prevalence of childhood and early adolescence mental disorders among children attending primary health care centers in Mosul, Iraq: a cross-sectional study

  Co-morbidity
  One disorder Two disorders More than two disorders Total
Disorder No. % No. % No. % No. %
PTSD 168 52.2 127 39.4 27 8.4 322 100
Enuresis 72 38.7 78 41.9 36 19.4 186 100
Separation anxiety disorder 67 50.4 52 39.1 14 10.5 133 100
Specific phobia 43 41.7 40 38.8 20 19.4 103 100
Stuttering 21 21.2 63 63.6 15 15.2 99 100
Refusal to attend school 39 39.8 37 37.8 22 22.4 98 100
Learning disorder 29 37.7 22 28.6 26 33.8 77 100
Conduct disorder 33 43.4 30 39.5 13 17.1 76 100
Stereotypic movement 47 65.3 21 29.2 4 5.6 72 100
Feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood 28 45.2 15 24.2 19 30.6 62 100
Mental retardation 35 60.3 23 39.7 0 0.0 58 100
Pica 25 44.6 22 39.3 9 16.1 56 100
Reactive attachment disorder of infancy or early childhood 23 42.6 21 38.9 10 18.5 54 100
Communication disorder 15 29.4 23 45.1 13 25.5 51 100
Oppositional defiance disorder 18 34.0 23 43.4 12 22.6 53 100
Phonological disorder 11 22.0 22 44.0 17 34.0 50 100
Depression 14 29.8 24 51.1 11 23.4 47 100
ADHD 12 30.8 16 41.0 11 28.2 39 100
Tic disorder 6 16.2 20 54.1 11 29.7 37 100
Rumination 6 35.3 9 52.9 2 11.8 17 100
Others 3 27.3 4 36.4 4 36.4 11 100
Total diseased 715 62.1 345 29.9 92 8.0 1152 100