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Table 2 Proportions of participants with risk factors and with low education by quartiles of neighbourhood unemployment and overcrowding in the two countries

From: Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and cardiovascular risk factors: a multilevel analysis of nine cities in the Czech Republic and Germany

  Quartiles of neighbourhood unemployment  
  1 (lowest unemployment) 2. 3. 4. (highest unemployment) p (chi2)
% obesity      
Czech Republic 29.2 27.2 31.2 32.2 0.010
Germany 20.9 27.2 28.1 29.6 <0.001
% hypertension      
Czech Republic 51.5 54.5 57.2 59.6 <0.001
Germany 39.7 42.1 41.7 43.4 0.392
% current smoking      
Czech Republic 26.0 23.1 26.9 31.8 <0.001
Germany 20.0 25.0 24.4 30.8 <0.001
% low physical activity      
Czech Republic 28.9 28.1 32.2 34.2 <0.001
Germany 39.5 43.7 46.4 49.1 <0.001
% lowest education      
Czech Republic 9.2 9.9 11.5 19.5 <0.001
Germany 6.2 7.6 11.1 15.1 <0.001
  Quartiles of neighbourhood overcrowding  
  1 (no overcrowding) 2. 3. 4. (overcrowding) p (chi2)
% obesity      
Czech Republic 30.5 28.1 31.0 30.3 0.307
Germany 22.3 25.5 29.2 28.8 <0.001
% hypertension      
Czech Republic 55.1 56.0 55.2 56.3 0.875
Germany 40.3 42.2 42.2 42.2 0.772
% current smoking      
Czech Republic 23.8 25.2 26.7 31.8 <0.001
Germany 20.2 24.8 27.2 28.0 <0.001
% low physical activity      
Czech Republic 32.5 28.0 29.7 32.8 0.004
Germany 40.3 44.0 46.8 47.7 0.002
% lowest education      
Czech Republic 11.0 10.9 10.8 17.2 <0.001
Germany 6.8 7.1 11.4 14.7 <0.001