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Table 1 Characteristics of the study samples

From: Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and cardiovascular risk factors: a multilevel analysis of nine cities in the Czech Republic and Germany

  Czech Republic Germany p*
Participants, n 7522 4032  
Individual level variables    
Mean ageSD) 57.8 (± 6.9) 57.7 (± 6.6) 0.281
Women, % (number) 55.2 (4150) 51.5 (2075) <0.001
Education, % (number)    
primary 12.5 (934) 10.0 (401) <0.001
vocational 36.9 (2761) 55.5 (2230)  
secondary 37.0 (2769) 16.4 (659)  
university degree 13.7 (1022) 18.2 (730)  
Social isolation, % (number) 5.5 (406) 3.0 (119) <0.001
Economic activity, % (number)    
still employed 53.8 (4009) 46.2 (1859) <0.001
retired 42.5 (3162) 32.3 (1299)  
unemployed 3.1 (228) 7.0 (282)  
inactive, other 0.6 (46) 14.4 (580)  
Obesity, % (number) 30.0 (1868) 26.4 (1059) <0.001
Hypertension, % (number) 55.6 (4177) 41.7 (1680) <0.001
Smoking, % (number) 26.9 (1996) 25.0 (1006) 0.028
Low physical activity, % (number) 30.8 (2230) 44.7 (1799) <0.001
Area level variables    
Unemployment rate, mean (SD) 10.4 (± 5.6) 12.3 (± 3.4) <0.001
Overcrowding – m 2 of living space per person, mean (SD) 18.8 (± 3.1) 38.9 (± 4.6) <0.001
  1. * chi-square test for categorical and t-test for continuous variables