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Table 3 Health-related quality of life and mental health indicators according to residential exposure to the Prestige oil-spill

From: Health-related quality of life and mental health in the medium-term aftermath of the Prestige oil spill in Galiza (Spain): a cross-sectional study

  Interior (n = 1350) Coast (n = 1350) OR1 95% CI1 p
  N % N %    
SF-36        
   Physical functioning        
Subjects with suboptimal scores 322 24.08 270 20.13 0.69 0.54 – 0.89 0.005
   Role-physical        
Subjects with suboptimal scores 176 13.16 179 13.35 0.96 0.73 – 1.28 0.811
   Bodily pain        
Subjects with suboptimal scores 537 40.16 496 36.99 0.74 0.62 – 0.91 0.003
   General health        
Subjects with suboptimal scores 367 27.45 436 32.51 1.15 0.93 – 1.43 0.193
   Vitality        
Subjects with suboptimal scores 173 12.94 167 12.45 0.85 0.63 – 1.13 0.271
   Social functioning        
Subjects with suboptimal scores 263 19.67 275 20.51 1.08 0.86 – 1.38 0.501
   Role-emotional        
Subjects with suboptimal scores 91 6.81 111 8.28 1.21 0.85 – 1.75 0.278
   Mental health        
Subjects with suboptimal scores 266 19.90 340 25.35 1.28 1.02 – 1.61 0.036
GHQ-28        
   Somatic symptoms        
Cases 28 2.07 37 2.75 1.48 0.82 – 2.68 0.196
   Anxiety and insomnia        
Cases 31 2.30 43 3.20 1.07 0.60 – 1.91 0.762
   Severe depression        
Cases 4 0.30 4 0.30 0.76 0.13 – 4.38 0.776
   Social dysfunction        
Cases 12 0.89 21 1.56 1.91 0.82 – 4.42 0.133
HADS        
   Anxiety        
Cases (prob+conf)* 133 9.85 148 10.96 0.97 0.71 – 1.32 0.836
Cases (conf)** 53 3.93 63 4.67 1.15 0.72 – 1.84 0.549
   Depression        
Cases (prob+conf)* 36 2.67 46 3.41 1.17 0.67 – 2.06 0.581
Cases (conf)** 11 0.81 14 1.04 0.92 0.33 – 2.52 0.870
GADS        
   Anxiety        
Cases 163 12.07 177 13.11 1.01 0.76 – 1.35 0.949
   Depression        
Cases 85 6.30 126 9.33 1.72 1.18 – 2.49 0.004
  1. 1 OR: OR – 95% CI = odds ratio (coast versus interior) adjusted for individual exposure, age, sex, work status, education, smoking, hours of sleep daily and number of chronic diseases. -95% confidence interval.
  2. * Probable (prob) and confirmed (conf) cases included.
  3. ** Only confirmed (conf) cases included.