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Table 2 Health-related quality of life by selected socio-demographic and patient support variables

From: Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study

  Male (N = 128) Female (N = 243) P Unemployed (N = 317) Employed (N = 54) P No Physical caregiver (N = 239) Physical caregiver (N = 131) P
  n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%)  
Mobility          
   No problems 95 (74) 196 (81) 0.031* 243 (77) 48 (89) 0.15* 194 (81) 97 (74) 0.031*
   Some problems 28 (22) 45 (19)   68 (21) 5 (9)   43 (18) 29 (22)  
   Severe problems 5 (4) 2 (1)   6 (2) 1 (2)   2 (1) 5 (4)  
Self care          
   No problems 112 (88) 225 (93) 0.23* 286 (90) 51 (94) 0.32* 224 (94) 112 (86) 0.001*
   Some problems 10 (8) 14 (6)   22 (7) 2 (4)   11 (5) 13 (10)  
   Severe problems 6 (5) 4 (2)   9 (3) 1 (2)   4 (2) 6 (5)  
Usual activities**          
   No problems 92 (72) 197 (81) 0.034* 242 (77) 47 (87) 0.040* 195 (82) 94 (72) 0.06*
   Some problems 24 (19) 37 (15)   55 (17) 6 (11)   35 (15) 25 (19)  
   Severe problems 12 (9) 8 (3)   19 (6) 1 (2)   8 (3) 12 (9)  
Pain/discomfort          
   None 71 (55) 136 (56) 0.84* 167 (53) 40 (74) 0.009* 143 (60) 64 (49) 0.012*
   Some 47 (37) 93 (38)   126 (40) 14 (26)   89 (37) 50 (38)  
   Severe 10 (8) 14 (6)   24 (8) 0 (0)   7 (3) 17 (13)  
Depression/anxiety          
   None 80 (63) 168 (69) 0.28* 210 (66) 38 (70) 0.56* 170 (71) 78 (60) 0.006*
   Some 34 (27) 60 (25)   82 (26) 12 (22)   54 (23) 39 (30)  
   Severe 14 (11) 15 (6)   25 (8) 4 (7)   15 (6) 14 (11)  
  Median (IQR) Median (IQR)   Median (IQR) Median (IQR)   Median (IQR) Median (IQR)  
Index Score 0.85 (0.69–1) 0.85 (0.73–1) 0.27& 0.85 (0.69–1) 1 (0.73–1) 0.027& 1 (0.73–1) 0.80 (0.62–1) 0.001&
VAS score 60 (50–80) 70 (50–80) 0.08& 60 (50–80) 70 (60–83) 0.003& 70 (50–80) 60 (50–73) 0.004&
  1. * Ordinal logistic regression adjusted for intraclinic clustering of outcomes
  2. ** Information missing for 1 respondent
  3. &Wilcoxon rank sum test
  4. Percentages for some dimensions do not add up to 100% because of rounding errors