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Table 1 Patients' demographic, socioeconomic and health characteristics

From: Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study

  All respondents (N = 371) Receiving HAART (N = 268) Awaiting HAART (N = 103) P-value*
  Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR)  
Age 37 (31–43) 37 (32–44) 36 (31–41) 0.17
Personal income (ZAR per month)** 740 (0–740) 740 (0–780) 740 (0–740) 0.005
  n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Female 243 (65) 176 (66) 67 (65) 0.88
Education ≤ grade 10 249 (67) 180 (67) 69 (67) 0.98
Health insurance 11 (3) 8 (3) 3 (3) 0.98
Employed 54 (15) 45 (17) 9 (9) 0.008
Receiving welfare grant 182 (49) 132 (49) 51 (50) 0.96
≤ 4 rooms in home 273 (74) 186 (69) 87 (84) 0.017
Smoked past 30 days 41 (11) 26 (10) 15 (15) 0.29
Drank alcohol past 30 days** 18 (5) 11 (4) 7 (7) 0.33
Has physical caregiver 131 (35) 90 (34) 41 (40) 0.46
Has emotional caregiver 178 (48) 123 (46) 55 (53) 0.21
Has treatment buddy 166 (45) 136 (51) 30 (29) 0.007
Previous antiretroviral treatment 25 (7) 24 (9) 1 (1) 0.006
Hospitalized since entering HAART program 37 (10) 25 (9) 12 (12) 0.62
  1. *Simple logistic regression adjusted for intraclinic clustering of outcomes
  2. ** 1 missing value