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Table 3 Correct responses on the "HIV pre-test information comprehension" questionnaire

From: Comparison of patient comprehension of rapid HIV pre-test fundamentals by information delivery format in an emergency department setting

   Trial One Trial Two
   No information In-person discussion p-value In person discussion Video p-value
   n = 31 n = 38   n = 59 n = 55  
Question HIV/AIDS Definition % % p≤ % % p≤
1 If you were HIV infected, current drug treatments would let you live longer. (T) 86.8 90.3 0.65 83.1 89.1 0.36
2 People can get AIDS without getting HIV. (F) 36.8 71.0 0.00 86.4 76.4 0.17
3 Being infected with HIV does not mean you have AIDS. (T) 65.8 90.3 0.01 89.8 74.6 0.03
4 A person can be infected with HIV for 5 years or more without getting AIDS. (T) 76.3 96.8 0.01 91.5 92.7 0.81
  HIV Transmission       
5 A person cannot get HIV by donating blood. (T) 39.5 54.8 0.21 57.6 65.5 0.39
6 A woman with HIV can give HIV to her baby during breastfeeding. (T) 68.4 100.0 0.00 98.3 94.6 0.28
7 If someone gets HIV through needle sharing, that person can only spread HIV by sharing needles with other people. (F) 63.2 80.7 0.10 79.7 89.1 0.17
8 Coins, such as quarters or nickels, can carry HIV. (F) 68.4 93.6 0.01 98.3 90.9 0.08
9 A person cannot get HIV by putting their tongue in the mouth of someone who has HIV. (T) 42.1 61.3 0.11 67.8 81.8 0.08
  HIV Prevention       
10 HIV is destroyed by bleach. (T) 13.2 58.1 0.00 55.9 52.7 0.73
11 If you use injection drugs, the only way to prevent getting HIV is to quit using them. (F) 50.0 64.5 0.22 61.0 65.5 0.62
12 Wearing insect repellant to keep away mosquitoes will help prevent you from getting HIV. (F) 81.6 61.3 0.06 86.4 89.1 0.66
13 Not having sex is the only way to reduce your risk of getting HIV. (F) 71.1 74.2 0.77 71.2 74.6 0.68
14 You can prevent getting HIV after sex by washing your genitals or private parts. (F) 84.2 83.8 0.96 93.1 96.4 0.43
  HIV Testing       
15 HIV makes antibodies which harm a person's body. (F) 10.5 19.4 0.31 30.5 23.6 0.41
16 Having blood drawn for an HIV test will make you anemic. (F) 81.6 93.6 0.12 91.5 89.1 0.66
17 The HIV antibody test will help strengthen your antibodies to keep you from getting infected with HIV. (F) 76.3 83.9 0.43 83.1 85.5 0.73
18 If you were infected with HIV one week ago, your HIV test will be negative. (T) 42.1 61.3 0.11 57.6 80.0 0.10
19 The HIV antibody test will not tell you if you have AIDS. (T) 42.1 42.2 0.99 55.9 69.1 0.15
20 If your HIV test is negative, it must be repeated within a week to confirm the results. (F) 31.6 61.3 0.01 54.2 70.9 0.07
  Rapid HIV Testing       
21 It takes one to two days to perform a rapid HIV test. (F) 18.4 77.4 0.00 81.4 74.6 0.38
22 An invalid rapid HIV test result means you've been infected with HIV for fewer than 3 months. (F) 34.2 61.3 0.03 72.9 78.2 0.51
23 If your rapid HIV test is positive, then you will need a test to confirm this. (T) 71.1 87.1 0.09 81.4 89.1 0.25
24 The rapid HIV test with OraQuick uses a sample of your urine. (F) 34.2 90.3 0.00 81.4 87.3 0.39
25 A needle can be used to take blood from your arm for the OraQuick rapid HIV test. (T) 42.1 45.2 0.80 37.3 38.9 0.86
26 Even if your rapid HIV test is positive, you may not have HIV. (T) 39.5 61.3 0.07 54.2 63.6 0.31