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Table 4 Association of exercise/sports with socio-demographic and behavioral factors, health status, and energy intake, SWHS, 1997–2000

From: Patterns and correlates of physical activity: a cross-sectional study in urban Chinese women

  Sports/exercise   
    Fully adjusted*
  No (n, %)
(n = 48,330)
Yes (n, %)
(n = 26,612)
OR 99% CI
I. Socio-demographics
Age
   40–44 17,105 (35.4) 3,813 (14.3) 1.00 Referent
   45–49 11,399 (23.6) 4,050 (15.2) 1.40 1.33, 1.48
   50–54 6,558 (13.6) 3,985 (15.0) 1.73 1.62, 1.85
   55–59 3,958 (8.2) 3,670 (13.8) 2.11 1.94, 2.30
   60–64 4,562 (9.4) 5,163 (19.4) 2.55 2.34, 2.78
   65–70 4,748 (9.8) 5,931 (22.3) 2.82 2.57, 3.09
BMI (kg/m 2 )
   <24 26,700 (55.3) 13,083 (49.2) 1.00 Referent
   24–27.9 16,125 (33.4) 9,783 (36.8) 1.00 0.96, 1.03
   ≥28 5,457 (11.3) 3,733 (14.0) 0.94 0.89, 0.99
Menopausal status
   Premenopausal 29,263 (60.6) 8,507 (32.0) 1.00 Referent
   Postmenopausal 19,057 (39.4) 18,099 (68.0) 1.25 1.18, 1.32
Marital status
   Married 43,621 (90.3) 22,878 (86.0) 1.00 Referent
   Widowed 2,799 (5.8) 2,801 (10.5) 1.02 0.95, 1.08
   Separated/Divorced 1,445 (3.0) 740 (2.8) 1.02 0.93, 1.13
   Never married 465 (1.0) 193 (0.7) 0.82 0.68, 0.98
Education
   None/Elementary 8,321 (17.2) 7,862 (29.6) 1.00 Referent
   Middle school 19,928 (41.2) 7,755 (29.1) 1.05 0.99, 1.11
   High school 14,029 (29.0) 6,861 (25.8) 1.28 1.20, 1.36
   College and above 6,042 (12.5) 4,131 (15.5) 1.44 1.33, 1.55
Occupation
   Manual workers 24,469 (50.8) 13,309 (50.2) 1.00 Referent
   Clerical 10,529 (21.9) 4,964 (18.7) 1.01 0.97, 1.06
   Professional 13,133 (27.3) 8,256 (31.1) 1.06 1.01, 1.11
Employment status
   Employed 29,126 (60.3) 9,173 (34.5) 1.00 Referent
   Not employed 19,204 (39.7) 17,439 (65.5) 1.87 1.79, 1.95
Family income
   Low 13,038 (27.0) 7,773 (29.2) 1.00 Referent
   Middle 18,870 (39.1) 10,263 (38.6) 1.12 1.07, 1.17
   High 16,409 (34.0) 8,573 (32.2) 1.28 1.22, 1.34
Family size
   ≥3 41,513 (85.9) 19,657 (73.9) 1.00 Referent
   2 6,060 (12.5) 6,031 (22.7) 1.28 122, 1.34
   1 757 (1.6) 924 (3.5) 1.59 1.41, 1.78
Chronic disease
   No 32,232 (66.7) 13,685 (51.4) 1.00 Referent
   Yes 16,098 (33.3) 12,927 (48.6) 1.20 1.16, 1.24
II. Behavioral factors
Regular cigarette smoking
   Never 47,029 (97.3) 25,800 (97.0) 1.00 Referent
   Ever§| 1,301 (2.7) 812 (3.1) 0.75 0.68, 0.83
Regular alcohol consumption
   Never 47,356 (98.0) 25,908 (97.4) 1.00 Referent
   Ever| 974 (2.0) 704 (2.7) 1.26 1.13, 1.40
Regular tea consumption
   Never 33,944 (70.2) 18,669 (70.2) 1.00 Referent
   Ever 14,386 (29.8) 7,943 (29.9) 1.15 1.11, 1.19
Regular ginseng intake
   Never 36,491 (75.5) 16,237 (61.0) 1.00 Referent
   Ever** 11,839 (24.5) 10,375 (39.0) 1.50 1.45, 1.55
TV (hours/day)
   ≤ 2 14,274 (29.5) 7,856 (29.5) 1.00 Referent
   3–4 23,473 (48.6) 13,060 (49.1) 1.00 0.96, 1.04
   >4 10,582 (21.9) 5,693 (21.4) 0.93 0.89, 0.97
  Median (25th, 75th percentile)   
III. Total dietary energy intake (1,000 kcal/day) 1,636 (1,404.8, 1,904.1) 1,652 (1,421.5, 1,916.8) 1.21 1.17, 1.26
  1. * Adjusted for all variables presented in the table; OR: odds ratio, CI: confidence interval
  2. Longest job
  3. Chronic disease includes: coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, chronic bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, chronic hepatitis, chronic pancreatitis, diabetes mellitus and cancer
  4. § Had smoked at least one cigarette per day for more than 6 months continuously
  5. ||Had consumed alcohol at least 3 times per week for more than 6 months continuously
  6. Had consumed tea at least 3 times per week for more than 6 months continuously
  7. **Had consumed ginseng at least 5 times per year during the past 3 years