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Table 3 The association of lifetime violence and Common Mental disorders with low birth-weight (LBW) in adolescents who have delivered term live babies in a public hospital in Sao Paulo n = 795.

From: The impact of maternal experience of violence and common mental disorders on neonatal outcomes: a survey of adolescent mothers in Sao Paulo, Brazil

  Low BTW in mothers with the exposure N/N total(%) Low BTW in mothers without the exposure N/N total(%)    
Experience of Violence    Unadjusted PR 95% CI Adjusted PR* 95% CI Adjusted PR** 95% CI
Physical Violence (lifetime) 13/108 (12.0) 49/679 (7.2) 1.69(0.95–3.01) 1.36(0.74–2.48) 1.28(0.69–2.36)
Threat of Physical violence (lifetime) 13/81 (16.1) 49/714 (6.9) 2.34(1.33–4.12) 1.86(1.02–3.39) 1.86(1.03–3.35)
Sexual violence (lifetime) 7/41 (17.1) 55/754 (7.3) 2.34(1.14–4.81) 1.73(0.79–3.79) 1.23(0.54–2.80)
Any violence (lifetime) 20/170 (11.8) 41/616 (6.7) 1.87(1.13–3.07) 1.55(0.93–2.59) 1.59(0.94–2.70)
Any violence (during pregnancy) 5/16 (31.2) 56/778 (7.2) 4.99 (2.45–9.79) 3.74(1.79–7.83) 2.59 (1.05–6.4)
Common Mental Disorder      
Depression 14/103 (13.6) 48/692 (6.9) 1.95(1.12–3.46) 1.71(0.98–2.99) 2.52 (1.43–4.44)
Anxiety 12/43 (27.9) 50/752 (6.7) 4.19(2.42–7.27) 3.37(1.82–6.23) 2.59 (1.30–4.81))
PTSD 13/77 (16.7) 49/718 (6.8) 2.47(1.41–4.35) 1.93(0.73–3.47) 1.91 (1.01–3.63)
Any common mental disorder 24/187 (13.4) 37/608 (6.1) 2.19(1.36–3.55) 1.93(1.07–3.47) 2.09 (1.21–3.63)
  1. *Adjusted for age, education, baby gender, parity, pre-existing conditions and common mental disorders/any lifetime violence.
  2. **all above plus gestational age, complications during pregnancy, alcohol intake and smoking during pregnancy and ante-natal consultations (potential mediators)