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Table 2 The association of other risk factors and common mental disorders in adolescents who have delivered babies in a public hospital in Sao Paulo.

From: The impact of maternal experience of violence and common mental disorders on neonatal outcomes: a survey of adolescent mothers in Sao Paulo, Brazil

  Frequency N(%) Lifetime violence N(%) N = 929 Crude PR (95% CI) Common mental disorder N(%) N = 930 Crude PR (95% CI)
Planned Pregnancy    P = 0.94   P = 0.57
No 759 (81.8) 165(21.7) 1.00 182 (24.0) 1.00
Yes 169 (18.2) 37(22.0) 1.01(0.74–1.39) 44 (26.0) 1.08 (0.82–1.44)
Parity    P = 0.05   P = 0.33
> 1 173 (18.6) 47(27.2) 1.00 47 (27.2) 1.00
1 756 (81.4) 155(20.5) 0.76(0.57–1.00) 179 (23.7) 0.87 (0.66–1.15)
Ante-natal care    P = 0.45†   P = 0.32†
0 consultations 42 (4.5) 6 (14.3) 1.00 6 (14.3) 1.00
1–5 271(29.1) 71(26.2) 1.83(0.85–3.95) 68 (25.1) 1.76 (0.81–3.79)
6+ 554(59.6) 113(20.4) 1.43(0.67–3.06) 139 (25.1) 1.76(0.82–3.73)
missing values 63(6.8) 13(20.6) 1.44(0.59–3.50) 12(20.6) 1.44(0.60–3.50)
Pre-existing conditions    P = 0.17   P = 0.01
No 831 (89.6) 176(21.2) 1.00 192 (23.1) 1.00
Yes 96 (10.4) 26(27.1) 1.27(0.90–1.82) 33 (34.4) 1.49 (1.10–2.01)
Obstetric complications during pregnancy    P = 0.71   P = 0.71
No 731 (78.8) 162 (22.2) 1.00 180 (24.6) 1.00
Yes 197 (21.2) 41 (20.9) 0.94(0.69–1.28) 46 (23.3) 0.94 (0.71–1.26)
Gestational age    P = 0.43   P = 0.16
> 37 weeks 789 (85.8) 170 (21.5) 1.00 185 (23.4) 1.00
= < 37 weeks 131 (14.2) 32 (24.6) 1.14(0.82–1.59) 38 (29.0) 1.24 (0.92–1.66)
Alcohol intake during pregnancy    P < 0.001†   P = 0.051†
None 676 (73.3) 131(19.4) 1.00 155 (22.9) 1.00
Occasionally (less than once a month) 223 (24.2) 58 (26.0) 1.34(1.02–1.75) 62 (27.8) 1.21 (0.94–1.56)
More than once a month 23 (2.5) 11 (47.8) 2.46(1.57–3.88) 8 (34.8) 1.52 (0.85–2.70)
Tobacco during pregnancy    P = 0.15†   P < 0.001†
0 779 (83.8) 162 (20.8) 1.00 168 (21.6) 1.00
1–6 cigarettes per day 101 (10.9) 29 (28.7) 1.33(0.98–1.93) 37 (36.6) 1.70 (1.27–2.27)
7+ cigarettes per day 50 (5.4) 12 (24.0) 1.15(0.69–1.92) 21 (42.2) 1.95 (1.37–2.77)
  1. † test for trend