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Table 1 The association of socio-demographic characteristics with lifetime violence and Common Mental Disorder in adolescents who have delivered babies in a public hospital in Sao Paulo.

From: The impact of maternal experience of violence and common mental disorders on neonatal outcomes: a survey of adolescent mothers in Sao Paulo, Brazil

  Frequency N(%) Lifetime violence N = 929 N(%) Crude PR (95% CI) Common mental disorder N = 930 N(%) Crude PR (95% CI)
Age    P = 0.25   P = 0.69
< = 16 years 348 (37.4) 69 (19.8) 1.00 82 (23.6) 1.00
> 16 years 582 (62.6) 134 (23.1) 1.16(0.90–1.51) 144 (24.7) 1.05 (0.83–1.33)
Education    P = 0.003†   P = 0.051†
0–4 years 101 (10.9) 32 (31.7) 1.00 29 (28.7) 1.00
5–8 year 491 (53.0) 112 (22.8) 0.72 (0.52–1.00) 127 (25.9) 0.90 (0.64–1.27)
9 or more years 335 (36.1) 59 (17.7) 0.56 (0.39–0.81) 70 (20.9) 0.73 (0.50–1.05)
Family income (R$ per month)    P = 0.25†   P = 0.57†
0–400 367 (39.5) 80(21.9) 1.00 98 (26.7) 1.00
401–1000 368 (39.6) 72 (19.6) 0.89 (0.67–1.19) 93 (25.3) 0.95(0.74–1.21)
> 1000 95 (10.2) 30 (31.6) 1.44 (1.01–2.06) 23 (24.2) 0.91(0.61–1.34)
missing values 100 (10.7) 21 (21.0) 0.96 (0.63–1.47) 12 (12) 0.45 (0.26–0.78)
Social Class*    P = 0.98†   P = 0.25†
A and B 62 (6.7) 15 (24.2) 1.00 13 (21.0) 1.00
C 364 (39.2) 76 (20.9) 0.86(0.53–1.40) 83 (22.8) 1.09 (0.65–1.83)
D and E 501 (54.1) 110 (22.0) 0.91(0.57–1.45) 129 (25.7) 1.23 (0.74–2.03)
Living with a partner    P = 0.73   P = 0.35
No 354 (38.1) 75 (21.2) 1.00 92 (26.0) 1.00
Yes 576 (61.9) 128 (22.2) 1.05 (0.81–1.35) 134 (23.3) 0.89(0.71–1.13)
Number of people in household    P = 0.57†   P = 0.23†
0–2 people 300 (32.4) 62 (20.7) 1.00 65 (21.7) 1.00
3–4 people 297 (32.1) 65 (21.9) 1.06 (0.78–1.44) 75 (25.3) 1.16 (0.87–1.56)
5 + people 329 (35.5) 74 (22.6) 1.09 (0.81–1.47) 85 (25.8) 1.19 (0.90–1.58)
  1. *ANEP, 1997 (based on the electrical equipment in the household and the educational level of the head of the family
  2. † test for trend