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Table 3 Non-pharmaceutical public health interventions

From: Non-pharmaceutical public health interventions for pandemic influenza: an evaluation of the evidence base

Human surveillance

   Case reporting

   Early rapid viral diagnosis


   Hand hygiene

   Respiratory etiquette

   Surgical and N95 Masks

   Other personal protective equipment*

Patient Management

   Isolation of sick individuals

   Provision of social support services to the isolated

Contact Management


   Voluntary sheltering‡

   Contact tracing

Community Restrictions

   School closures

   Workplace closures

   Cancellation of group events

   International and domestic travel restrictions

  1. * Gowns, gloves and protective eye covers
  2. † Separating exposed individuals from others
  3. ‡ Voluntary sequestration of healthy persons to avoid exposure
  4. §Exit and entry screening, travel advisories