Skip to main content

Table 5 Attitudes pre- and post-legislation split by smoking status group: for each question, percentages giving each response. N is the number of people in each smoking group.

From: Expectations and changing attitudes of bar workers before and after the implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland

  Question Smoking Status N Period Response* Mean Shift U-1** p-value U-2*** p-value
      1 2 3 4 5    
A The ban on smoking will have (has had) a negative effect on business for public bars Smoker 108 Pre 24 35 27 13 1 1.06 <0.001 0.595
     Post 6 16 27 39 13    
   Non-Smoker 76 Pre 7 33 37 22 1 0.99 <0.001  
     Post 3 11 16 49 22    
B The smoking ban is an unfair restriction on smokers Smoker 107 Pre 21 23 16 32 7 0.29 0.093 0.088
     Post 10 26 19 34 11    
   Non-Smoker 76 Pre 5 3 17 33 42 0.00 0.967  
     Post 5 1 20 32 42    
C Fewer people will (now) visit public bars after (because of) the ban on smoking Smoker 108 Pre 19 33 24 21 2 1.08 <0.001 0.006
     Post 3 10 27 44 17    
   Non-Smoker 76 Pre 4 24 30 33 9 0.53 <0.001  
     Post 4 12 11 55 18    
D The smoking ban will make (has made) smokers smoke more at home Smoker 108 Pre 14 32 28 24 2 0.25 0.063 0.526
     Post 12 19 34 32 2    
   Non-Smoker 76 Pre 13 26 42 13 5 0.34 0.014  
     Post 5 13 55 24 3    
E The smoking ban will result (has resulted) in jobs being lost Smoker 108 Pre 14 15 31 37 3 0.63 <0.001 0.267
     Post 3 6 28 51 12    
   Non-Smoker 76 Pre 3 22 28 41 7 0.47 0.001  
     Post 4 3 25 53 16    
      Response*    
      5 4 3 2 1    
F Smoke free public bars will make (have made) visits to them more comfortable Smoker 108 Pre 4 17 24 37 19 0.35 0.017 0.35
     Post 1 11 19 39 30    
   Non-Smoker 76 Pre 0 3 11 20 67 0.21 0.049  
     Post 1 0 4 14 81    
G The smoking ban will encourage (has encouraged) smokers to quit Smoker 108 Pre 1 11 23 47 18 -0.22 0.079 0.54
     Post 2 15 26 49 8    
   Non-Smoker 76 Pre 1 5 25 58 11 -0.17 0.168  
     Post 1 11 29 51 8    
H The smoking ban is (was) needed to protect the health of workers Smoker 108 Pre 1 18 19 44 18 0.13 0.271 0.06
     Post 2 15 13 49 21    
   Non-Smoker 76 Pre 0 3 7 26 64 -0.09 0.713  
     Post 3 1 8 26 62    
I Do you agree with the proposed ban on smoking in public bars? Smoker 108 Pre 18 20 17 21 24 0.56 0.005 0.001
     Post 8 12 15 31 33    
   Non-Smoker 75 Pre 3 4 7 23 64 0.15 0.28  
     Post 3 1 4 21 71    
  1. *Response: 1-Strongly Agree, 2-Agree, 3-Undecided, 4-Disagree, 5-Strongly Disagree.
  2. **Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U-test of equal medians. Tests the change in attitude for each group.
  3. ***Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U-test of equal medians. Tests the differences in change in attitude between groups.