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Table 4 Attitudes pre- and post-legislation, split by age group: for each question, percentages giving each response. N is the number of people in each age group.

From: Expectations and changing attitudes of bar workers before and after the implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland

  Question Age Group N Period Response* Mean Shift U-1** p-value U-2*** p-value
      1 2 3 4 5    
A The ban on smoking will have (has had) a negative effect on business for public bars ≤30 192 Pre 11 31 39 17 2 0.90 <0.001 0.01
     Post 4 14 22 43 17    
   >30 73 Pre 27 44 18 11 0 1.27 <0.001  
     Post 5 18 23 38 15    
B The smoking ban is an unfair restriction on smokers ≤30 190 Pre 6 13 17 41 24 0.14 0.277 0.018
     Post 4 11 18 40 27    
   >30 73 Pre 29 25 15 21 11 0.49 0.026  
     Post 14 25 14 34 14    
C Fewer people will (now) visit public bars after (because of) the ban on smoking ≤30 192 Pre 6 31 28 30 6 0.63 <0.001 0.002
     Post 5 9 24 44 18    
   >30 72 Pre 22 33 28 15 1 1.19 <0.001  
     Post 6 11 15 54 14    
D The smoking ban will make (has made) smokers smoke more at home ≤30 192 Pre 13 30 33 22 2 0.27 0.007 0.186
     Post 8 18 46 25 3    
   >30 73 Pre 16 41 26 14 3 0.45 0.001  
     Post 7 18 55 19 1    
E The smoking ban will result (has resulted) in jobs being lost ≤30 192 Pre 4 15 33 42 6 0.40 <0.001 <0.001
     Post 3 3 31 49 15    
   >30 73 Pre 19 26 38 16 0 0.93 <0.001  
     Post 3 8 38 42 8    
      Response*    
      5 4 3 2 1    
F Smoke free public bars will make (have made) visits to them more comfortable ≤30 192 Pre 1 9 14 29 47 0.14 0.171 0.145
     Post 2 6 10 30 53    
   >30 73 Pre 3 11 19 33 34 0.36 0.044  
     Post 0 7 15 29 49    
G The smoking ban will encourage (has encouraged) smokers to quit ≤30 192 Pre 1 7 19 54 20 -0.34 <0.001 0.087
     Post 4 10 27 49 10    
   >30 73 Pre 1 11 30 44 14 -0.12 0.472  
     Post 1 15 26 52 5    
H The smoking ban is (was) needed to protect the health of workers ≤30 192 Pre 0 7 9 41 43 0.00 0.964 0.257
     Post 2 4 10 43 41    
   >30 73 Pre 1 14 22 37 26 0.12 0.358  
     Post 3 14 11 41 32    
I Do you agree with the proposed ban on smoking in public bars? ≤30 192 Pre 5 9 13 27 47 0.15 0.313 <0.001
     Post 4 4 10 34 48    
   >30 71 Pre 24 23 1 28 24 0.76 0.002  
     Post 8 13 10 27 42    
  1. *Response: 1-Strongly Agree, 2-Agree, 3-Undecided, 4-Disagree, 5-Strongly Disagree
  2. ** Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U-test of equal medians. Tests the change in attitude for each group.
  3. *** Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U-test of equal medians. Tests the differences in change in attitude between groups.