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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of all study participants

From: Falls Assessment Clinical Trial (FACT): design, interventions, recruitment strategies and participant characteristics

Characteristic Intervention (n = 155) Control (n = 157) Total (n = 312)
Age, years 80.4 (4.8) 81.1 (5.3) 80.8 (5.0)
Female n (%) 105 (67%) 110 (70%) 215 (69%)
Number of falls in previous year Median [interquartile range] 2 [1,3] 2 [1,4] 2 [1,3]
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 148.4 (24.2) 149.9 (21.7) 149.2 (22.9)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 71.6 (11.9) 72.2 (11.4) 71.9 (11.6)
Body mass index, kg/m2 27.0 (6.0) 27.4 (4.7) 27.2 (5.4)
FICSIT 4-test balance score 3.5 (1.2) 3.5 (1.2) 3.5 (1.2)
Step test, number of steps 8.2 (4.5) 8.3 (4.5) 8.2 (4.5)
Timed up and go, seconds Median [interquartile range] 12 [10,16] 12 [10,16.5] 12 [10,16]
30 second chair stand, number of stands 8.5 (4.5) 8.2 (4.6) 8.3 (4.6)
Nottingham extended ADL score 18.4 (3.4) 18.1 (3.4) 18.3 (3.4)
Modified falls efficacy score 8.1 (1.8) 8.0 (1.9) 8.05 (1.83)
Number of medical conditions 6.9 (2.8) 7.2 (2.9) 7.0 (2.9)
Number of medications 5.3 (3.4) 5.6 (3.2) 5.5 (3.3)
Taking psychotropic medication(s) n (%) 48 (31%) 41 (26%) 89 (29%)
Previous cerebrovascular accident n (%) 28 (18%) 48 (31%) 76 (24%)
Previous fracture† n (%) 60 (39%) 47 (30%) 107 (34%)
Previous hip fracture† n (%) 2 (1%) 6 (4%) 8 (3%)
Leisure activity/walking, minutes/week Median [interquartile range] 120 [20, 250] 120 [13, 218] 120 [16, 240]
  1. * Values are mean (SD) unless indicated otherwise. Median and interquartile range are used where results were not normally distributed
  2. † Fracture at any age in the past.
  3. FICSIT denotes Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques (range 0 – 5, higher scores indicate better balance). Step test: higher scores indicate better performance. Timed up and go: shorter times indicate better performance. 30 second chair stand: higher scores indicate better performance. Nottingham extended activities of daily living score: range 0 – 22, higher scores indicates better performance. Modified falls efficacy score: range 0 – 10, higher scores indicate increased confidence.
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