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Table 5 Characteristics of participants and refusals in the KIDSCREEN study.

From: Methods and representativeness of a European survey in children and adolescents: the KIDSCREEN study

Countriesa and variables Participantsb Refusalsc p
Phone & mail n (%) n (%)  
AT Austria 1544   334   
Child's health: good, very good or excellent   98.8   83.1 <0.001
Parent's health: good, very good or excellent   95.5   82.9 <0.001
Parent's marital status: married   87.7   64.3 <0.001
Parent's educational level: high   14.9   33.8 <0.001
medium   74.5   63.5  
Home in big city or suburbs   18.9   18.2 0.815
CH Switzerland 1746   496   
Child's health: good, very good or excellent   99.0   98.0 0.099
Parent's health: good, very good or excellent   95.4   90.5 0.000
Parent's marital status: married   85.2   85.8 0.733
Parent's educational level: high   22.1   6.0 <0.001
medium   66.1   50.2  
Home in big city or suburbs   16.5   12.1 0.020
DE Germany 1775   367   
Child's health: good, very good or excellent   97.4   98.1 0.580
Parent's health: good, very good or excellent   90.3   90.1 0.922
Parent's marital status: married   84.2   74.9 <0.001
Parent's educational level: high   19.1   29.3  
medium   58.7   65.9  
Home in big city or suburbs   22.8   41.6 <0.001
ES Spain 912   360   
Child's health: good, very good or excellent   98.2   96.7 0.092
Parent's health: good, very good or excellent   91.3   82.9 <0.001
Parent's marital status: married   90.6   89.8 0.646
Parent's educational level: high   25.7   20.1 0.114
medium   20.0   20.7  
Home in big city or suburbs   29.0   49.4 <0.001
FR France 1079   341   
Child's health: good, very good or excellent   97.5   84.8 <0.001
Parent's health: good, very good or excellent   94.1   82.2 <0.001
Parent's marital status: married   85.7   75.4 <0.001
Parent's educational level: high   45.4   22.0 <0.001
medium      
Home in big city or suburbs   37.5   43.2 0.072
NL Netherlands 1919   260   
Child's health: good, very good or excellent   96.8   95.0 0.142
Parent's health: good, very good or excellent   90.4   93.8 0.085
Parent's marital status: married   89.8   90.4 0.824
Parent's educational level: high   24.3   1.4 <0.001
medium   56.0   41.0  
Home in big city or suburbs   46.7   49.2 0.465
Other      
PL Poland 1715   366   
Child's health: good, very good or excellent   94.3   91.2 0.039
Parent's health: good, very good or excellent   78.7   80.1 0.615
Parent's marital status: married   88.0   90.3 0.235
Mother's educational level: high   18.8   17.1 <0.001
medium   49.1   25.1  
Home in big city or suburbs   40.8   44.1 0.257
CZ Czech Republic 1603   344   
Child's health: good, very good or excellent   94.9   89.5 <0.001
Parent's health: good, very good or excellent   88.6    
Parent's marital status: married   84.0   63.7 <0.001
Parent's educational level: high   23.1   19.5 <0.001
medium   73.8   67.7  
Home in big city or suburbs   21.3   23.0 0.516
  1. aData not available for EL, HU, IE, and UK;b'Participants' refer to the parent-child pair, i.e. when a parent agreed to participate and survey materials were completed by a parent; c 'Refusals' were the parents who were not willing to participate, but answered a short interview on non-response.