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Table 1 Factors associated with current smoking in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

From: Prevalence and determinants of adolescent tobacco smoking in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Characteristic Percentage of smokers Odds ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
Age (years)   
   11–12 2.9 1.00
   13 1.8 0.7 [0.3, 1.7]
   14 2.1 0.8 [0.3, 2.1]
   15 4.7 2.0 [0.9, 4.3]
   16–17 4.8 2.1 [0.9, 4.6]
Gender   
   Female 1.0 1.00
   Male 4.5 4.6 [2.3, 9.4]
Parental smoking status   
   None 2.5 1.00
   One or both parents smokers 6.9 2.7 [1.3, 5.6]
Best friend smokers   
   None 1.0 1.00
   Some 9.9 11.6 [5.8–23.1]
   Most or all 30.6 42.2 [18.8, 94.6]
Perception that smoking is harmful   
   No 8.1 1.00
   Yes 2.5 0.3 [0.2, 0.5]