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Table 1 Characteristics of participating businesses, beliefs about pandemic influenza and dependent variables according to state

From: Influenza pandemic preparedness: motivation for protection among small and medium businesses in Australia

Characteristic (n = 201) WA
n (%)
NSW
n (%)
p* Total
n (%)
Interviewee    0.000  
   Owner 62 (62.0) 46 (45.5)   108 (53.7)
   Chief executive officer/managing director 12 (12.0) 37 (36.6)   49 (24.4)
   Senior manager 26 (26.0) 18 (17.8)   44 (21.9)
Industry type    0.003  
   Primary or secondary 9 (9.0) 11 (10.9)   20 (10.0)
   Tertiary: property and business services 18 (18.0) 27 (26.7)   45 (22.4)
   Tertiary: retail trade 35 (35.0) 13 (12.9)   48 (23.9)
   Tertiary: other 38 (38.0) 50 (49.5)   88 (43.8)
Size    0.10  
   Small (<20 employees) 82 (82.0) 73 (72.3)   155 (77.1)
   Medium (20–200 employees) 18 (18.0) 28 (27.7)   46 (22.9)
Severity of pandemic influenza    0.08  
   Don't know 2 (2.0) 8 (7.9)   10 (5.0)
   Low (<30% sick) 44(44.0) 34 (33.7)   78 (38.8)
   High (30% or more sick) 54 (54.0) 59 (58.4)   113 (56.2)
Risk of pandemic influenza    0.23  
   Don't know 6 (6.0) 8 (7.9)   14 (7.0)
   Very unlikely 8 (8.0) 14 (13.9)   22 (10.9)
   Unlikely 49 (49.0) 42 (41.6)   91 (45.2)
   Likely 33 (33.0) 27 (26.7)   60 (29.9)
   Very likely 4 (4.0) 10 (9.9)   14 (7.0)
Risk to business    0.36  
   No idea 8 (8.0) 4 (4.0)   12 (6.0)
   No risk 15 (15.0) 8 (7.9)   23 (11.4)
   Some risk 29 (29.0) 33 (32.7)   62 (30.8)
   Moderate risk 23 (23.0) 26 (25.7)   49 (24.4)
   High risk 25 (25.0) 30 (29.7)   55 (27.4)
Thought about pandemic influenza    0.46  
   Not at all 40 (40.0) 39 (38.6)   79 (39.3)
   A little 44 (44.0) 39 (38.6)   83 (41.3)
   A lot 16 (16.0) 23 (22.8)   39 (19.4)
Response efficacy    0.003  
   Low 51 (51.0) 31 (30.7)   82 (40.8)
   High 49 (49.0) 70 (69.3)   119 (59.2)
Need help to prepare    <0.001  
   Yes 45 (45.0) 76 (75.2)   121 (60.2)
   Unsure 20 (20.0) 6 (5.9)   26 (12.9)
   No 35 (35.0) 19 (18.8)   54 (26.9)
Pandemic influenza plan    0.047  
   Yes 3 (3.0) 10 (9.9)   13 (6.5)
   No/Unsure 97 (97.0) 91 (90.1)   188 (93.5)
  1. * Chi square test of association
  2. Western Australia (WA)
  3. New South Wales (NSW)