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Table 2 Odds ratios of the metabolic syndrome and diabetes in 2000 according to smoking (separate model) and leisure time physical activity (separate model) in 1972/3 adjusted for age and years of education

From: Leisure time physical activity in middle age predicts the metabolic syndrome in old age: results of a 28-year follow-up of men in the Oslo study

  Metabolic syndrome* Diabetes
Risk factor in 1972/3 Cases % Odds ratio (95% CL) Cases % Odds ratio (95% CL)
Smoking       
Never (reference) 354 22.1   135 9.2  
Previous 476 24.1 1.12 (0.95–1.32) 187 10.3 1.12 (0.88–1.42)
Current 767 27.4 1.29 (1.11–1.51) 262 11.1 1.16 (0.92–1.45)
Leisure time physical activity       
Sedentary/light 337 30.3   127 13.4  
Moderate 967 25.4 0.83 (0.71–0.98) 344 10.1 0.75 (0.60–0.94)
Moderately vigorous 269 20.4 0.65 (0.54–0.80) 108 9.1 0.68 (0.52–0.91)
Vigorous 24 17.0 0.46 (0.28–0.74) 5 4.0 0.28 (0.11–0.71)
  1. * The metabolic syndrome in year 2000 was defined if at least 3 out of 5 of the criteria were present: triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/l, glucose ≥ 6.1 mmol/l, BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2, blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mmHg, HDL cholesterol < 1.03 mmol/l.