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Table 1 Characteristics of men that attended the screening examinations in 1972/3 and 2000 (n = 6 382)

From: Leisure time physical activity in middle age predicts the metabolic syndrome in old age: results of a 28-year follow-up of men in the Oslo study

Risk factor   n % n %
   Year 1972/3   Year 2000  
Smoking Never 1 602 25.1 1 595 26.7
  Previous 1 979 31 3 330 55.7
  Current 2 801 43.9 1 050 17.6
  Missing - - 407 -
Leisure time physical activity Sedentary/light 1 111 17.4 754 17.9
  Moderate 3 810 59.7 2 700 63.7
  Moderately vigorous 1 317 20.6 735 17.3
  Vigorous 141 2.2 50 1.2
  Missing 3 - 2 143 -
Metabolic syndrome*   NA NA 1 597 25
Antihypertensive drugs   - - 2018 33.8
Diabetes§/P >   - - 584 9.2
Blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mmHg   2 568 40.2 2 777 43.5
Blood glucose ≥ 6.1 mmol/l   1 497 23.5 1 073 19.4
BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m 2   162 2.5 797 12.5
Triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/l   2 416 37.9 2 231 40.4
HDL cholesterol < 1.03 mmol/l   NA NA 910 14.3
  1. *The metabolic syndrome was defined if at least 3 out of 5 of the criteria were present: triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/l, glucose ≥ 6.1 mmol/l, BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2, blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mmHg, HDL cholesterol < 1.03 mmol/l.
  2. §Diabetes was defined as self reported diabetes, use of antidiabetic medication including insulin or non-fasting glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/l.
  3. NA: inability to define MS according to NCEP III criteria due to missing HDL-C