Skip to main content

Table 2 Individual-level characteristics and neighborhood-level characteristics by gender, Taiwan Social Change Survey, 1990, 1995, and 2000

From: A multilevel analysis of neighborhood and individual effects on individual smoking and drinking in Taiwan

  Women Men
  (N = 2942) (N = 2941)
Individual characteristics (%)   
Age   
   20–29 19.5 16.6
   30–39 33.4 29.1
   40–49 23.4 24.1
   50–59 11.6 13.2
   >= 60 12.1 17.0
Marital status   
   Single 14.6 22.3
   Married 73.1 70.9
   Widowed/divorced and others 12.3 6.8
Race/ethnicity   
   Taiwanese 72.7 69.4
   Hakka 13.0 13.5
   Mainlander 11.1 15.3
   Indigenous and others 3.2 1.8
Education   
   < Elementary 12.2 4.9
   Elementary 27.9 24.0
   Junior high school 13.6 17.5
   High school 27.3 26.9
   >= College 19.0 26.7
Family income   
   <NT30,000 29.9 28.4
   NT30,000–NT49,999 25.8 24.4
   NT50,000–NT69,999 16.9 16.4
   NT70,000–NT99,999 13.1 14.8
   ≥ NT100,000 14.3 16.0
Year   
   1990 34.0 31.8
   1995 34.0 35.8
   2000 32.0 32.4
Urbanicity/rurality   
   Urban 32.0 31.4
   Suburban 49.0 49.4
   Rural 19.0 19.2
Neighborhood characteristics (mean (SD))   
   % less than junior high 37.7(14.2) 38.3(14.3)
   % college graduates 7.5(7.0) 7.2(6.7)
   % less than 18 28.8(5.4) 28.5(5.3)
   % over 65 7.9(4.1) 8.1(4.3)
   % single parent family 6.3(2.4) 6.2(2.4)
   % divorced and separated 2.7(1.2) 2.7(1.2)
   % paid employment 56.3(6.9) 56.3(7.0)