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Table 4 Methods for determinants, translated in intervention components for Turkish/Moroccan group (selected examples)

From: Using Intervention Mapping to develop a programme to prevent sexually transmittable infections, including HIV, among heterosexual migrant men

Determinant Change objectives method/strategy intervention components
Attitude Man acknowledges advantages of condom use as a protection against STI modelling, using new positive arguments, self re-evaluation, persuasion, group discussion Discussion in response to posters picturing Moroccan and Turkish young men giving statements about safe sex
Game "Save your head": issue with discussion on non-health issues as advantage of using condoms.
Risk perception Man explains that from appearances you can't tell if someone is infected with HIV/STI. provide basic factual information, personalising risk, consciousness raising. Game "Save your head": issue with discussion on unsafe sex with girls who you think are a virgin. Information is given on risks of different sexual techniques.
Game "Save your head": issue with discussion on the question "with which women do you not need to use a condom?" Explaining misconceptions.
Self efficacy Man expresses confidence that he will use condoms, also in a situation that a woman does not request a condom. anticipating on difficult situations modelling, active participation. Assignment: "Plan your sex", interviewing each other on preparative behaviour and making plans and how to be prepared for safe sex. Assignment preceded by video with modelling of behaviour.
Self efficacy Man describes where he puts away his condoms, to have them available always. anticipating on difficult situations modelling, active participation. Assignment: "Plan your sex", interviewing each other on preparative behaviour and making plans and how to be prepared for safe sex.
Self efficacy Man expresses confidence that he will have condoms available always. modelling, making action plans, forming implementation intentions, identification of barriers Video with role models showing that they are able to solve problems with the availability of condoms in planned and unplanned sex.
Assignment: "Plan your sex", interviewing each other on preparative behaviour and making plans and how to be prepared for safe sex.
Self efficacy Man describes a plan how he carries condoms always making action plans forming implementation intentions identification of barriers Assignment: "Plan your sex", interviewing each other on preparative behaviour and making plans and how to be prepared for safe sex.
Assignment on buying condoms
Subjective partner norm Man knows opinion of most women that they also want to use a condom in a new or casual sexual contact. Modelling group discussion Discussion in response to posters picturing Moroccan and Turkish young men giving statements about safe sex.
Game "Save your head" : issue with discussion on the matter