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Table 2 Study research questions, interview sections and derived benefit

From: The Australian longitudinal study of health and relationships

Question Section(s) Benefit
What is the relationship between the age of sexual debut, patterns of sexual activity, and subsequent sexual functioning and reproductive health including diagnosis with STI's? Sexual debut – first sex
Sexual history
Sexual function (noted by dysfunction)
Reproductive history and reproductive future STI's
To describe patterns of sexual behaviour and thus better direct public education programs to reduce STI
To better understand the impact of early/delayed sexual activity on reproductive health
What are the sociodemographic, sexual and reproductive predictors of contraceptive choice and change? Demographics
Contraceptive history/use
Reproductive history/use
Sexual history/current
Last sex
To follow the change in contraception (and use) due to sociodemographic markers and sexual history.
To determine the impact of this change on reproductive outcomes and birth rates
What is the nature and magnitude of the relationship between experiencing sexual coercion and subsequent sexual functioning and reproductive health? Sexual coercion
Sexual history/future
Reproductive history/future
To identify the ongoing impact of sexual coercion (to monitor changes – on a yearly basis rather than recall over time)
To provide insight into the long term effects of sexual coercion
What are the sociodemographic, sexual and reproductive predictors of tubal ligation, vasectomy and hysterectomy? Demographics
Contraceptive history/use
Reproductive history/use
Sexual activity history/current
To identify markers for (semi) permanent surgery as a method of reproductive control and sexual behaviour
What is the impact of tubal ligation, vasectomy, and hysterectomy on subsequent sexual functioning? Sexual activity current/future
Sexual function/dysfunction
General health
As the study is longitudinal we can determine the impact of reproductive surgeries on subsequent sexual functioning – monitoring changes yearly as they occur
What are the sociodemographic, sexual and reproductive predictors of pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, particularly abortion and miscarriage? Demographics
Contraceptive history/use
Reproductive history/use
Enumeration of pregnancies
Sexual activity history/current
Expectancies of future pregnancies
Last sex
Pregnancy/birth history and reproductive history can provide insight to abortion and miscarriage outcomes
What are the impacts of spontaneous and induced pregnancy losses on subsequent sexual functioning and reproductive outcomes including contraceptive choice? Contraceptive history/use
Reproductive history/use
Sexual activity history/current
Sexual function/dysfunction General health
Pregnancy loss can have an impact of mental and general health and sexual functioning. Monitoring this can provide insight into the ongoing effects of pregnancy loss
What is the relationship between sexual functioning, reproductive health and satisfaction with the physical and emotional aspects of people's intimate relationships and subsequent relationship breakdown? Sexual satisfaction/expectation
Physical satisfaction/expectation
Emotional satisfaction/expectation
Reproductive history/use
Sexual activity history/current
Relationship enumeration
To provide a template of the interplay between satisfaction, expectation and relationship history.
Monitor changes against the marker of expectations
What is the impact of divorce or other relationship breakdown on subsequent sexual functioning and reproductive health? Marriage/divorce
Duration of relationships
Sexual function/dysfunction
Sexual activity history/current
Reproductive history
Relationship enumeration
To measure markers of relationship breakdown against future relationships and sexual functioning
To monitor the dynamic changes in relationships with a focus on sexual functioning and reproductive health