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Table 3 Perceptions of positive impacts of the smoke-free workplace legislation (strongly agree and agree for positive statements; strongly disagree and disagree for negative statements) at baseline and follow-up (n = 220) and impact of these attitudes on support for the legislation and changes in support after implementation

From: Before and after study of bar workers' perceptions of the impact of smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland

    CHANGES AT FOLLOW-UP SUPPORT FOR THE BAN
  BASELINE FOLLOW-UP No change Net change* p Adjusted OR by statement ‡ (CI) Adjusted OR by time period §(CI)
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (percentage points)    
Positive statements Strongly agree and agree   
Smoke-free bars will be (are) more comfortable to visit 170 (77.6) ¶ 199 (90.5) 181(82.3) 28(12.8) <0.001 29.86 (11.26 to 79.19) 2.07 (1.23 to 3.46)
The smoking ban is needed to protect the health of workers 180 (81.8) 201 (91.8) ¶ 183 (83.2) 22 (10) <0.001 15.24 (5.99 to 38.82) 2.11 (1.32 to 3.37)
The smoking ban will encourage (has encouraged) smokers to quit 155 (72.4) ** 147 (67.1) ¶ 152 (69.1) -13 (-5.5) 0.124 4.06 (2.39 to 6.89) 3.27 (2.07 to 5.15)
Negative statements Strongly disagree and disagree   
The ban on smoking will have (has had) a negative effect on business 62 (28.2) 56 (25.5) 150 (68.2) -6 (-2.8) 0.550 3.71 (1.98 to 6.98) 2.66 (1.73 to 4.10)
Fewer people will visit (have visited) bars after (since) the ban 90 (40.9) 57 (25.9) 135 (61.4) -33 (-15) 0.001 4.10 (2.29 to 7.35) 3.26 (2.06 to 5.16)
The smoking ban is an unfair restriction on smokers 109 (50.2) †† 123 (55.9) 170 (77.3) 13 (6.1) 0.080 18.89 (9.67 to 36.90) 3.14 (1.84 to 5.36)
The smoking ban will make (has made) smokers smoke more at home 87 (39.9) ‡‡ 51 (23.2) 143 (65) -37 (-16.8) <0.001 1.72 (1.01 to 2.92) 2.91 (1.88 to 4.50)
The smoking ban will result (has resulted) in jobs being lost 81 (36.8) 78 (35.5) 153 (69.5) -3 (-1.4) 0.807 4.19 (2.34 to 7.50) 2.84 (1.81 to 4.45)
  1. * Calculated as the net change in agreement with the statement (the percentage increase in agreement with the statement minus the percentage decrease in agreement).
  2. † p value for McNemar's χ2 comparing changes in agreement with the statements at baseline and follow-up.
  3. ‡ Odds ratio for support for the ban by response to each statement adjusted for change over time (follow-up survey:baseline survey), age, gender (male:female), occupational position (owner:employee) and smoking status (current smoker:non-smoker).
  4. §Odds ratio for support for the ban at follow-up relative to baseline adjusted for potential change in response to statement, age, gender (male:female), occupational position (owner:employee) and smoking status (current smoker:non-smoker).
  5. ¶1 respondent did not answer this question.
  6. ** 6 respondents did not answer this question.
  7. †† 3 respondents did not answer this question.
  8. ‡‡ 2 respondents did not answer this question.