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Table 2 Support for the smoke-free workplace legislation (strongly agree and agree) by various characteristics of participants, n (%) at baseline and follow-up

From: Before and after study of bar workers' perceptions of the impact of smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland

   Baseline support Follow-up support Increase in support
   n (%) p* n (%) P* n (percentage points) p†
Overall   131 (59.5)   169 (76.8)   38 (17.3) <0.001
Age (n = 219)§/P > ≤ 42 years (n = 117) 57 (48.7) 0.001 88 (75.2) 0.632 31 (18.2) <0.001
  > 42 years (n = 102) 73 (71.6)   80 (78.4)   7 (5.4) 0.21
Gender (n = 220) female (n = 48) 19 (39.6) 0.001 29 (60.4) 0.002 10 (20.8) 0.021
  male (n = 172) 112 (65.1)   140 (81.4)   28 (16.3) <0.001
Smoking status¶(n = 204) current smoker (n = 66) 26 (39.4) <0.001 44 (66.7) 0.022 18 (27.3) <0.001
  non-smoker (n = 138) 95 (68.8)   112 (81.2)   17 (12.4) 0.003
Occupational status** (n = 216) owner (n = 75) 31 (41.3) <0.001 48 (64) 0.002 17 (22.7) 0.004
  employee (n = 141) 96 (68.1)   117 (83)   21 (14.9) <0.001
Pub location†† (n = 213) rural (n = 48) 23 (47.9) 0.085 33 (68.8) 0.123 10 (20.9) 0.031
  urban (n = 165) 102 (61.8)   131 (79.4)   29 (17.6) <0.001
Hours worked per week§(n = 169) ≤ 40 hours (n = 97) 67 (69.1) <0.001 76 (78.4) <0.001 9 (9.3) 0.049
  > 40 hours (n = 72) 25 (34.7)   51 (70.8)   26 (36.1) <0.001
Work in family-run pub (n = 216) yes (n = 138) 75 (54.3) 0.051 99 (71.7) 0.018 24 (17.4) <0.001
  no (n = 78) 53 (67.9)   67 (85.9)   14 (18.0) 0.001
  1. Analysis included only those surveyed at both baseline and follow-up. Respondents who reported a change in status (e.g. occupational position, pub location, smoking status) between surveys were excluded from the analysis.
  2. * p value for Pearson's χ2 comparing support for the legislation by sub-groups.
  3. † p value for McNemar's χ2 comparing changes in support for the legislation at baseline and follow-up.
  4. §Continuous variable dichotomised around the median.
  5. ¶Smoking status categorised by current or non-smoker (current smokers defined as self reported or occasional smokers plus self reported never or ex smokers with salivary cotinine levels ≥ 20 ng ml-1).
  6. ** Occupational position categorised as employee (manager or permanent or temporary bar staff) or owner (pub owner, leaseholder, or owner's relative or friend).
  7. ††Pub location categorised by rural or urban location of the pub (rural pubs defined as pubs located where the population was <1500 and urban pubs as those where the population was ≥ 1500).