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Table 4 Multi-level regression analysis of diastolic blood pressure by ethnic group and neighbourhood attribute

From: Ethnic differences in the effect of environmental stressors on blood pressure and hypertension in the Netherlands

  Model I
Age and sex adjusted
Model II
Adjusted for age, sex and education level and BMI
  Dutch
Beta* [95% CI]
Turkish
Beta* [95% CI]
Moroccan
Beta* [95% CI]
Dutch
Beta* [95% CI]
Turkish
Beta* [95% CI]
Moroccan
Beta* [95% CI]
Neighbourhood stresses       
High crime 0.26 [-2.42, 2.94] 3.21 [0.94, 5.47]** 0.61 [-2.63, 3.84] 0.80 [-1.74, 3.33] 2.96 [0.71 5.20]** 0.54 [-2.90, 3.98]
High density housing -0.32 [-3.01, 2.37] 0.87 [-1.91, 3.65] 2.03 [-0.72, 4.91] 0.51 [-2.11, 3.13] 0.53 [-2.35, 3.42] 1.76 [-1.37, 4.89]
Nuisance from motor traffic 0.74 [-1.90, 3.38] 3.13 [0.87, 5.38]** 0.41 [-2.83, 3.66] 1.31 [-1.14, 3.77] 2.83 [0.60, 5.06]* 0.25 [-3.21, 3.71]
Nuisance from alcohol misuse 0.49 [-2.18, 3.16] 0.93 [-1.83, 3.69] 2.26 [-0.49, 5.00] 0.06 [-2.67, 2.79] 1.05 [-1.88, 3.98] 2.29 [-0.83, 5.42]
Nuisance from drug misuse 0.15 [-2.53, 2.83] 1.02 [-1.74, 3.78] 2.48 [-0.21, 5.17] 2.29 [-1.59, 6.17] 2.31 [-1.60, 6.22] 4.54 [0.28, 8.80]*
High quality of green spaces 1.21 [-1.37, 3.78] -0.18 [-3.01, 2.65] -2.17 [-4.99, 0.63] -0.13 [-2.76, 2.52] -0.68 [-3.57, 2.21] -2.15 [-5.21, 0.90]
High social participation -1.01 [-3.65, 1.63] -0.76 [-3.53, 2.00] -3.06 [-5.90, -0.22]* -0.57 [-3.18, 2.04] -0.77 [-3.61, 2.06] -2.76 [-5.89, 0.38]
  1. Betas represent difference in mean systolic BP; *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 compared with low neighbourhood attribute in each ethnic group, BMI = Body mass index.