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Table 3 Multi-level regression analysis of systolic blood pressure by ethnic group and neighbourhood attributes

From: Ethnic differences in the effect of environmental stressors on blood pressure and hypertension in the Netherlands

  Model I
Age and sex adjusted
Model II
Adjusted for age, sex and education level and BMI
  Dutch
Beta* [95% CI]
Turkish
Beta* [95% CI]
Moroccan
Beta* [95% CI]
Dutch
Beta* [95% CI]
Turkish
Beta* [95% CI]
Moroccan
Beta* [95% CI]
Neighbourhood attributes       
High crime 0.49 [-3.40, 4.37] 1.50 [-2.44, 4.46] 3.32 [-1.66, 8.29] 1.03 [-2.88, 4.93] 1.11 [-2.81, 5.02] 3.31 [-1.59, 8.21]
High density housing 1.80 [-2.13, 5.73] 2.00 [-1.99 5.98] 4.83 [0.54, 9.13]* 2.75 [-1.20, 6.70] 1.58 [-2.36, 5.52] 4.79 [0.50, 9.07]*
Nuisance from motor traffic 0.63 [-3.22, 4.47] 0.96 [-2.97, 4.88] 3.09 [-1.91, 8.08] 1.27 [-2.58, 5.13] 0.46 [-3.42, 4.36] 3.01 [-.91, 7.91]
Nuisance from alcohol misuse 1.91 [-2.20, 6.10] 3.22 [-0.86, 7.30] 2.41 [-3.03, 7.85] 2.83 [-1.29, 6.96] 2.91 [-1.14, 6.95] 2.59 [-2.72, 7.91]
Nuisance from drug misuse 1.63 [-2.25, 5.51] 2.47 [-1.47, 6.42] 4.41 [0.02, 8.82]* 2.29 [-1.59, 6.17] 2.31 [-1.60, 6.22] 4.54 [0.28, 8.80]*
High quality of green spaces -2.24 [-6.20, 1.73] -2.13 [-6.12, 1.86] -4.88 [-9.15, -0.60]* -3.01 [-6.98, 0.96] -1.72 [-5.68, 2.23] -4.92 [-9.21, -0.64]*
High social participation -2.14 [-6.01, 1.73] -2.33 [-6.29, 1.63] -5.43 [-9.82, -1.05]* -1.72 [-5.66, 2.23] -2.40 [-6.31, 1.52] -5.27 [-9.67, -0.87]*
  1. Betas represent difference in mean systolic BP; *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 compared with lower neighbourhood attribute in each ethnic group, BMI = Body mass index.