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Table 1 Characteristics of, and total delays among 2,093 new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Vietnam

From: Delays in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis patients in Vietnam: a cross-sectional study

  N (%) Total delay in weeks Percentage due to patient delay
   Mean (95% CI) P-value Median (25–75 percentiles)  
Time (weeks)   7.5 (6.8–7.5)   4 (3–8) 62.7%
Sex    < 0.001   
   Men 1491 (71.4) 7.1 (6.4–7.8)   4 (3–8) 62.0%
   Women 596 (28.6) 8.4 (7.4–9.4)   5 (4–9) 66.7%
Age (years)    0.001   
   0–24 187 (9.1) 5.6 (5.0–6.3)   4 (3–8) 60.7%
   25–34 328 (15.9) 6.3 (5.4-7.1)   4 (3–8) 61.9%
   35–44 445 (21.7) 8.1 (6.1–10.1)   4 (3–8) 58.0%
   45–54 378 (18.4) 7.5 (6.5–8.5)   4 (3–8) 68.0%
   55–64 251 (12.2) 8.1 (6.7–9.4)   5 (3–9) 66.7%
   65+ 464 (22.6) 8.2 (6.9–9.4)   5 (4–8) 64.6%
Ethnicity    0.048   
   Viet 1944 (94.0) 7.4 (6.8–8.0)   4 (3–8) 62.2%
   Ethnic minority 124 (6.0) 8.4 (6.7–10.0)   5 (4–9) 86.9%
Education level    0.013   
   Low 895 (42.9) 7.5 (6.8–8.2)   4 (3–8) 65.3%
   Middle 793 (38.1) 7.5 (6.8–8.2)   5 (3–8) 64.0%
   High 396 (19.0) 7.3 (5.1–9.5)   4 (3–8) 57.5%
Distance from health facility    0.373   
   0–5 km 1504 (73.4) 7.5 (6.7–8.2)   4 (3–8) 57.3%
   More than 5 km 544 (26.6) 7.2 (6.4–8.1)   4 (3–8) 77.8%
Health care provider visited initially because of cough    < 0.001   
   District health center 339 (16.3) 6.6 (5.9–7.2)   4 (3–8) 89.4%
   Commune health post 620 (29.9) 9.1 (6.3–11.9)   5 (4–8) 67.0%
   Public hospital 360 (17.4) 5.6 (4.9–6.3)   4 (2–6) 80.4%
   Pharmacy 326 (15.7) 9.0 (8.0–9.9)   6 (4–12) 21.1%
   Private physician 339 (16.3) 7.2 (6.2–8.2)   4 (3–8) 45.8%
   Traditional healer 32 (1.5) 6.7 (5.0–8.4)   6 (4–8) 58.2%
   Other 59 (2.8) 12.7 (6.5–18.8)   4 (3–10) 78.7%
Area    < 0.001   
   Rural 1029 (49.2) 8.1 (7.4–8.9)   5 (4–8) 65.4%
   Urban 808 (38.6) 5.8 (5.4–6.2)   4 (3–7) 56.9%
   Remote 256 (12.2) 9.9 (6.4–13.3)   5 (3–9) 71.7%
Region (n = 2,087)    < 0.001   
   South 1316 (62.9) 5.7 (5.3–6.0)   4 (3–6) 52.6%
   North 567 (27.1) 11.2 (9.3–13.1)   6 (4–10) 81.3%
   Central 210 (10.0) 8.6 (7.2–10.0)   5 (4–9) 44.2%