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Table 4 Demands and control at work, by practice area. Practice areas outside hospital. Results of Mann-Whitney rank sum tests.

From: Practice area and work demands in nurses' aides: a cross-sectional study

Work factors Nursing home Home or apartment unit for the aged Community nurse unit Institution for mentally handicapped
Quantitative work demands 3401 (3106) ** 2989 (3257) * 3742 (3137) ** 2377 (3329) **
Positioning patients in bed 3962 (2436) ** 3102 (2097) 2977 (3120) 1726 (3248) **
Supporting patients between bed and chair 3837 (2488) ** 3362 (3041) ** 3027 (3080) 1969 (3194) **
Handling heavy objects 3320 (2790) ** 3083 (3009) 3010 (3018) 2577 (3066) **
Positive challenges 2912 (3461) ** 2934 (3261) ** 3640 (3153) ** 2971 (3258) **
Role conflicts 3373 (3109) ** 3441 (3197) * 3619 (3148) ** 3204 (3223)
Exposure to threats or violence 3362 (3131) ** 3079 (3245) 2932 (3283) ** 3720 (3172) **
Control of work pace 3017 (3387) ** 3326 (3219) 3353 (3208) 3914 (3151) **
Participation in important decisions 3087 (3322) ** 3127 (3232) 3480 (3175) ** 3283 (3215)
  1. The figures are mean ranks of participants working in the noted practice area, and, in paranthesis, mean ranks of the participants not working in this area. For example, the figures in the upper left corner, 3401 (3106), show that the level of quantitative work demands was higher in nursing homes (mean rank = 3401) than in other practice areas all together (mean rank = 3106). * P < 0.01; ** P < 0.001.