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Table 7 Characteristics of anemic and non-anemic cases among 33 institutionalized people with Down's syndrome, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

From: An epidemiological study on anemia among institutionalized people with intellectual and/or motor disability with special reference to its frequency, severity and predictors

  Anemic cases (n = 3) Non-anemic cases (n = 30)
  Normocytic normochromic anemia (n = 3) Anemia except normocytic normochromic anemia (n = 0)   
  M (n = 3) F (n = 0) M (n = 0) F (n = 0) M (n = 17) F (n = 13)
Age 49.0 ± 5.2 -- -- -- 40.9 ± 9.7 47.5 ± 6.1
Body mass index (BMI) 22.0 ± 3.4 -- -- -- 22.2 ± 3.7 24.0 ± 4.3
Fe (μg/dl) 58.3 ± 11.9 -- -- -- 95.4 ± 23.7 101.0 ± 30.0
Medications (n)
   Anticonvulsants and/or major tranquilizers 3 (100%) -- 3 (10.0%)
   Minor tranquilizers 3 (100%) -- 0 (0%)
   Iron replacement 3 (100%) -- 0 (0%)
   Other medications b 2 (66.7%) -- 12 (40.0%)
Users of any medication (n) 2 (66.7%) -- 14 (46.7%)
Non-medicated (n) 1 (33.3%) -- 16 (53.3%)
  1. aMedications except anticonvulsants and/or major tranquilizers, minor tranquilizers and iron replacement (i.e. gastrointestinal drugs, cold drugs, cardiovascular medication).