Skip to main content

Table 7 Quantitative scalar health outcomes, before and after studies (studies included in the review)

From: A systematic review of the health, social and financial impacts of welfare rights advice delivered in healthcare settings

Authors (date) Outcome measure Baseline N Baseline mean score Follow up period Follow up N Follow up mean score p-value*
Abbott & Hobby (1999)[79] SF36 physical functioning 48 20.8 before vs after income increase 48 23.1 p > 0.05
  SF36 role functioning physical 48 12.5 before vs after income increase 48 14.6 p > 0.05
  SF36 bodily pain 48 25.5 before vs after income increase 48 24.9 p > 0.05
  SF36 general health 48 26.7 before vs after income increase 48 30 p > 0.05
  SF36 vitality 48 20.8 before vs after income increase 48 28.5 p = 0.002
  SF36 social functioning 48 29.4 before vs after income increase 48 32 p > 0.05
  SF 36 role functioning emotional 48 36.8 before vs after income increase 48 51.4 p = 0.037
  SF36 mental health 48 45.9 before vs after income increase 48 53.1 p = 0.005
Abbott & Hobby (2002)[34] SF36 physical functioning 345 35.8 6 months 244 31.5 p > 0.05
  SF36 physical functioning 345 35.8 12 months 200 30.6 p > 0.05
  SF36 role functioning physical 345 22.8 6 months 244 18.9 p > 0.05
  SF36 role functioning physical 345 22.8 12 months 200 18 p > 0.05
  SF36 bodily pain 345 35.7 6 months 244 33.2 p > 0.05
  SF36 bodily pain 345 35.7 12 months 200 33.4 p > 0.05
  SF36 general health 345 34.8 6 months 244 32.9 p > 0.05
  SF36 general health 345 34.8 12 months 200 32.6 p > 0.05
  SF36 vitality 345 31.3 6 months 244 29.9 p > 0.05
  SF36 vitality 345 31.3 12 months 200 29.8 p > 0.05
  SF36 social functioning 345 40.9 6 months 244 42.5 p > 0.05
  SF36 social functioning 345 40.9 12 months 200 43.2 p > 0.05
  SF36 role functioning emotional 345 40.9 6 months 244 40.4 p > 0.05
  SF36 role functioning emotional 345 40.9 12 months 200 42.8 p > 0.05
  SF36 mental health 345 51.7 6 months 244 53.1 p > 0.05
  SF36 mental health 345 51.7 12 months 200 54 p > 0.05
Emanuel & Begum (2000)[90] HADS anxiety 40 12.03 9 months 40 11.58 p > 0.05
  HADS depression 40 8.68 9 months 40 8.3 p > 0.05
  MYMOP symptom 1 31 4.58 9 months 31 4.1 p > 0.05
  MYMOP symptom 2 25 3.92 9 months 25 3.48 p > 0.05
  MYMOP activity 1 27 4.67 9 months 27 4.26 p > 0.05
  MYMOP wellbeing 31 4.13 9 months 31 3.71 p > 0.05
  MYMOP profile 31 4.45 9 months 31 3.94 p > 0.05
Greasley (2003)[95] SF36 physical functioning 22 39.09 6 months 22 48.64 p > 0.05
  SF36 physical functioning 22 39.09 12 months 22 57.50 p > 0.05
  SF36 role functioning physical 22 30.11 6 months 22 36.36 p > 0.05
  SF36 role functioning physical 22 30.11 12 months 22 40.34 p > 0.05
  SF36 bodily pain 22 30.45 6 months 22 25.91 p > 0.05
  SF36 bodily pain 22 30.45 12 months 22 29.18 p > 0.05
  SF36 general health 22 22.90 6 months 22 31.09 p < 0.002
  SF36 general health 22 22.90 12 months 22 33.59 p < 0.076
  SF36 vitality 22 25.28 6 months 22 26.98 ANOVA across 3 time points, p < 0.079
  SF36 vitality 22 25.28 12 months 22 33.52  
  SF36 social functioning 22 34.09 6 months 22 43.75 ANOVA across 3 time points, p < 0.077
  SF36 social functioning 22 34.09 12 months 22 43.75  
  SF36 role functioning emotional 22 34.85 6 months 22 47.72 p > 0.05
  SF36 role functioning emotional 22 34.85 12 months 22 39.77 p > 0.05
  SF36 mental health 22 37.14 6 months 22 42.85 p > 0.05
  SF36 mental health 22 37.14 12 months 22 47.86 p < 0.076
Greasley (2003)[95] cont. HADS anxiety 22 13.31 6 months 22 11.73 ANOVA across 3 time points, p < 0.051
  HADS anxiety 22 13.31 12 months 22 11.36  
  HADS depression 22 10.59 6 months 22 10.41 p > 0.05
  HADS depression 22 10.59 12 months 22 9.59 p > 0.05
Veitch (1995) – GP[21] NHP total score 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p-0.6344
  NHP energy 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.3970
  NHP pain 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.8368
  NHP emotional reactions 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.4249
  NHP sleep 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.3138
  NHP social isolation 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.9011
  NHP physical mobility 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.8489
Veitch (1995) – mental health[21] NHP total score 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.1084
  NHP energy 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.3359
  NHP pain 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.0127
  NHP emotional reactions 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.0333
  NHP sleep 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.1309
  NHP social isolation 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.8928
  NHP physical mobility 52 Not reported 6 months 52 Not reported p = 0.2061
  1. *comparison of follow up versus baseline score; SF36 = short form 36; MYMOP = Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile scale; HADS = Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; NHP = Nottingham Health Profile