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Table 4 All-cause mortality per 100 000 person-years by workforce participation stratified by age groups in Swedish men and women. A total population investigation from Scania, Sweden.

From: Contribution of main causes of death to social inequalities in mortality in the whole population of Scania, Sweden

Age group n (%) Workforce participation† Deaths (per 100 000 person-years) Relative difference HRR (95 % CI) Absolute difference
Men
   0–20 127313 (95.5) Inside workforce 38   
  6046 (4.5) Outside workforce 61 1.7 (1.2, 2.3) 23
   21–30 58340 (84.7) Inside workforce 68   
  10541 (15.3) Outside workforce 162 2.5 (2.1, 3.0) 94
   31–40 60638 (91.1) Inside workforce 138   
  5958 (8.9) Outside workforce 415 3.1 (2.7, 3.5) 277
   41–50 68088 (92.1) Inside workforce 362   
  5835 (7.9) Outside workforce 1061 2.9 (2.7, 3.2) 699
   51–60 45372 (86.1) Inside workforce 1018   
  7330 (13.9) Outside workforce 2559 2.4 (2.2, 2.5) 1541
   61–70 33178 (65.6) Inside workforce 2917   
  17363 (34.4) Outside workforce 4255 1.5 (1.5, 1.6) 1338
Women
   0–20 122030 (95.3) Inside workforce 19   
  5988 (4.7) Outside workforce 31 1.7 (1.1, 2.6) 12
   21–30 56222 (82.7) Inside workforce 37   
  11733 (17.3) Outside workforce 60 1.7 (1.3, 2.2) 23
   31–40 58973 (87.8) Inside workforce 96   
  8177 (12.2) Outside workforce 209 2.3 (1.9, 2.7) 113
   41–50 65700 (89.4) Inside workforce 241   
  7750 (10.6) Outside workforce 581 2.4 (2.2, 2.6) 340
   51–60 42447 (78.1) Inside workforce 541   
  11917 (21.9) Outside workforce 1261 2.2 (2.0, 2.3) 720
   61–70 26260 (45.8) Inside workforce 1508   
  31096 (54.2) Outside workforce 2173 1.4 (1.3, 1.4) 665
  1. *HRR, hazard rate ratio; CI, confidence interval.
  2. † Those inside the workforce include: non-manual employees (e.g., engineers with university degrees, college teachers, registered nurses, computer operators, office assistants, salespeople, secretaries), manual workers (e.g., auto mechanics, metal workers, factory workers, check-out assistant, waiters, janitorial staff), self-employed persons (owners of businesses), farmers and those inside the workforce with missing information on occupation (unclassified). Those who were categorized as being outside the workforce include homemakers, unemployed, students and those who had a disability pension. Those aged 20 years or less were classified according to the relation to the workforce of the household.